CLADOENDESIS OF EPHEMEROPTERA

ABC

z 

Anteropatellata, or Baetis/fg5

(Panephemeroptera Euephemeroptera Euplectoptera Anteritorna pm.Tridentiseta  
Tetramerotarsata Liberevenata Turbanoculata - Anteropatellata)

Nomen hierarchicum: Baetis/fg5 [fg:1815] (sine Centroptiloides; incl. Cloeon)

Nomen circumscribens: Anteropatellata Kluge 1997

In circumscription fits:

 subgrex subfamm. Anteropatellata Kluge 1997

 Anteropatellata = Baetis/fg5: Kluge 2004


References. Kluge 1997: *;  Kluge 2004: *;  Kluge & Novikova 2011: * * *


Autapomorphies of Anteropatellata.

(1) Patella-tibial suture (initially present on middle and hind legs only) is equally developed on all legs of larva (Kluge 1997: Tab.11:1, 12:1), female subimago and female imago. Unlike female, on fore leg of male subimago and male imago patella-tibial suture is absent, as in other mayflies (while male larva has patella-tibial suture on fore leg).

presence of 
patella-tibial 
suture

male

female

fore
leg
middle
leg
hind
leg
fore
leg
middle
leg
hind
leg
larva + + + + + +
subimago + + + + +
imago + + + + +

Similar secondary restoration of patella-tibial suture on fore leg occurs in Rhithrogena/fg3 only (see Index of characters [1.2.18]).

Among Anteropatellata, patella-tibial suture of fore leg is secondarily reduced in Centroptella/g1, in connection with modification on all legs [see Centroptella (1) below].

Unlike Anteropatellata, plesiomorphons Siphlaenigma, Palaeocloeon and Protopatellata have the same position of patella-tibial suture, as in most Ephemeroptera: their patella-tibial suture is retained on middle and hind legs only, being lost on fore legs of all stages and both sexes.

Size. Fore wing length 212 mm (see Tetramerotarsata).

Distribution. World-wide, except for New Zealand.


The taxon Anteropatellata (or Baetis/fg5) is divided into:

1. Baetovectata, or Baetis/fg6
2. Cloeon/fg1 (incl. Similicloeon, Procloeon)

3. Centroptilum

4. Baetopus/g1 (incl. Raptobaetopus)

5. Cheleocloeon

6. Afrobaetodes

Some taxa have unclear systematic position