NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Anisoptera

CONTENTS: 

1) Anisoptera Stephens 1829

2) Anisoptera Selys 1854

3) Opinion

 1) Anisoptera Stephens 1829

NOMEN: Anisoptera Stephens 1829: 305 [J.F. Stephens. A systematic catalogue of British insects: being an attempt to arrange all the hitherto discovered indigenous insects in accordance with their natural affinities. - London: Baldwin and Cradock. 1829: 388 p.]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Stephens 1829): Ephemeridae Ephemera 

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Plectoptera Packard 1886 (non Plecoptera Burmeister 1839)

= Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1890

= Archipterygota Borner 1909
= Prometabola Heymons 1909

= Plectopteradelphia Crampton 1916

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS (including †Protephemeroidea):
= Panephemeroptera Crampton 1928
= Ephemeropteria Crampton 1938
= Ephemeropteroidea Rohdendorf 1968

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM (without †Protephemeroidea, including †Permoplectoptera):
= Euephemeroptera Kluge 2000

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM (without †Permoplectoptera):
= Euplectoptera Tillyard 1932  

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Ephemera/fg [f:1810; g:1758(gen. 208)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Ephemera (sensu Linnaeus 1858), Ephemeraedes, Ephemeralia, Ephemerata, Ephemerida, Ephemeridae, Ephemeridea, Ephemerina, Ephemerinae, Ephemeroidea, Ephemeriformes

MODERN STATUS: invalid, forgotten senior synonym of Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1891.


2) Anisoptera Selys 1854

NOMEN: Anisoptera Selys 1854

ORIGINAL SPELLING (Selys 1854): 

SUBSEQUENT SPELLING: 

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Selys 1854):  

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Rectobranchiata Roster 1885

= Anisopterides Lucas 1900

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS (distinctly including Anisozygoptera):

= Anisopteroides Lameere 1935

= Epiproctophora Bechly 1996  

= Epiprocta Lohmann 1996

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Libellula/fg (sine Lestes; incl. Aeshna) [f:1781; g:1758(gen.207)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Libellulidae, Libellulina

MODERN STATUS: the valid, the oldest name of a generally accepted, holophyletic taxon.
Systematic position and classification of Anisoptera:

Neodonata, or Odonata s.str.
  Zygoptera
  Anisopteroides
(= Anisoptera s.l.)
    Epiophlebioptera
    Anisoptera (s.str.)

3) OPINION

The name Anisoptera Selys 1854 is in wide use, while its senior homonym Anisoptera Stephens 1829 is not used, being substituted by its junior synonyms - either Plectoptera Packard 1886, or Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1891. Because of this, the name Anisoptera Selys 1854 should be valid, and the name Anisoptera Stephens 1829 should be regarded to be an invalid synonym of Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1891.