NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Palaeoptera

CONTENTS: 

1) Palaeoptera Crampton 1915

2) Palaeoptera Martynov 1923

3) Opinion

 1) Palaeoptera Crampton 1915

NOMEN: Palaeoptera Crampton 1915: 249, 346 [G.C. Crampton. The thoracic sclerites and the systematic position of Grylloblatta campodieformis Walker, a remarkable annectant, "Orthopteroid" insect. - Entomological News, 1915, 26 (10): 337-350]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Crampton 1915): Blattoidea Blatta

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Dictuoptera Leach 1815  

= Dermatoda Billberg 1820 

= Pentamera  Zetterstedt 1821  

= Omalopoda Dumeril 1823 

= Sternopoda Fieber 1853 

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM (distinctly excluding †Palaeoblattariae):  

= Neoblattariae Scudder 1895

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Blatta/fg (sine Mantis, Termes) [f:1810; g:1758(gen.193)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Blattariae, Blattaedes, Blattidae, Blattaria, Blattina, Blattites, Blattinae, Blattodea, Blattidi, Blattoidea, Blattacea

MODERN STATUS: junior citcumscriptional synonym of the names listed above; belongs to a generally accepted plesiomorphon.


2) Palaeoptera Martynov 1923

NOMEN: Palaeoptera Martynov 1923: 89 [А.В. Мартынов. О двух основных типах крыльев насекомых и их значении для общей классификаци насекомых. - Труды I Всероссийского съезда зоологов, анатомов и гистологов в Петрограде 15-21.XII.1922 г., 1923: 88-89]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Martynov 1923 , 1924): Odonata + Ephemeroptera (= Agnatha) + Dictyoneuridea Dictyoneura + Megasecoptera + Protodonata + Protephemeroidea + Eugereon

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS: 

? = Panplectoptera Crampton 1919 

= Panpalaeodictyoptera Crampton 1920

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Archipterygota Crampton 1924

= Palaeoptilota Lameere 1935

= Palaeopterygota Crampton 1938

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Libellula/fg (incl. Ephemera, Dictyoneura) [f:1781; g:1758(gen.207)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: generally accepted  name of a taxon, which is most often regarded as paraphyletic (see Kluge 2000), while an opposite idea about its holophyly is also expressed.


3) OPINION

The name Palaeoptera Crampton 1915 is not used, being an unnecessary junior synonym of several older names. Unlike, its junior homonym Palaeoptera Martynov 1923 is in wide use. Until strict rules about homonymy of circumscriptional names are not elaborated, the name Palaeoptera Martynov 1923 should be regarded as valid.