principles of systematics and nomenclature general system and phylogeny of insects systematics of Ephemeroptera

 Saint-Petersburg State University * Biological Faculty * Department of Entomology * N.J. Kluge

  RUSSIAN 

NEW IDEAS ABOUT TRANSFORMATION OF INSECTS WITH COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS

-classification-of
insectsiwithicomplete
metamorphosis:

2002

Kluge 2002

Kluge 2004

Kluge 2005

Kluge 2005 

Kluge 2020

1..Metabola

  

  

nature and origin of metamorphosis

  

diagnosis and systematic position; nature, origin and diversity of metamorphosis

1.1..Neuropteroidea

  

  

 

diagnosis

diagnosis and systematic position

1.1.1..Birostrata

  

  

transformation of legs

homology and transformation of mouthparts

diagnosis and systematic position; homology and transformation of mouthparts; transformation of legs

1.1.2..Rhaphidioptera

  

  

transformation of legs

homology and transformation of mouthparts

diagnosis and systematic position; homology and transformation of mouthparts; transformation of legs

1.1.3..Meganeuroptera

  

  

transformation of legs

homology and transformation of mouthparts

diagnosis and systematic position; homology and transformation of mouthparts; transformation of legs

1.2..Elytrophora

  

  

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position

1.2.1..Coleoptera

  

  

transformation of legs

  

diagnosis and systematic position; transformation of legs

1.2.2..Strepsiptera

  

  

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position

1.3..Mecopteriformia

  

diagnosis

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position

1.3.1..Hymenoptera

  

  

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position; transformation of legs

1.3.2..Enteracantha

  

structure of larval legs

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position; structure of larval legs

1.3.2.1. Scorpiomuscae   structure of larval legs    

diagnosis and systematic position; structure of larval legs

1.3.2.2. Metamecoptera        

diagnosis and systematic position

1.3.2.3. Nannomecoptera   structure of larval legs    

diagnosis and systematic position; structure of larval legs

1.3.2.4. Calyptroptera        

diagnosis and systematic position

1.3.2.4.1. Raphioptera        

diagnosis and systematic position

1.3.2.4.2..Aphaniptera

homology and transformation of mouthparts

  

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position; homology and transformation of mouthparts

1.3.3..Diptera

  

  

transformation of legs

  

diagnosis and systematic position; transformation of legs

1.3.4..Amphiesmenoptera

  

  

  

  

diagnosis and systematic position

1.3.4.1..Trichoptera

  

  

transformation of legs

  

diagnosis and systematic position; transformation of legs

1.3.4.2..Lepidoptera

 

  

transformation of legs

 

diagnosis and systematic position; transformation of legs