NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Rhaphidioptera Navás 1916

NOMEN: Rhaphidioptera Navas 1916 [L. Navás , 1916. Notas sobre al orden de los Rafidiopteros (Ins.). - Memorias de la Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona, (3) 12: 507-513 {= (3) 12 (20): 1-9}]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Navas 1916): Raphididae (= Rhaphididae) + Inocellidae

CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Tetramera
Billberg 1820 (non Tertamera Dumeril 1806 et al.)
= Aponeuroptera Crampton 1916
= Raphidioptera Martynov 1938

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Raphidia/fg (incl. Inocellia) [f:1810; g:1758(gen.212)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Raphidia (sensu Linnaeus 1758), Raphidiacea, Raphidiades, Raphididae, Raphidides, Raphidinae, Raphidites, Raphidiidae, Raphidiides, Raphidiina, Raphidiinae, Raphidioidea

MODERN STATUS: the valid, the oldest generally accepted name of a holophyletic taxon.
Systematic position of Rhaphidiopterta:

Neuropteroidea
  Birostrata
  Rhaphidioptera
  Meganeuroptera
    Eumegaloptera
    Nothomegaloptera

Kluge 2010 BioNomina Dual-Nom :

Based on traditional Greek-to-Latin transliteration, Navás (1916) believed the correct spelling of the generic name to be Rhaphidia rather than Raphidia, and thus named the family Rhaphididae and his new order, Rhaphidioptera. The original spelling of generic name should be used whether or not grammatically correct (ICZN 32.5.1); any different subsequent spelling (unjustified emendation) is regarded as junior objective synonym with its own author and date (ICZN 33.2.3); and family-group names should be based on the original spelling (ICZN 35.4.1). Thus, the generic name from which family-group names should be derived is Raphidia Linnaeus 1758, not Rhaphidia Billberg 1820. However, the name Rhaphidioptera is not subject to these rules, since itís not a family-group name and includes the additional Ď-pter-í element, so in this case the original spelling of  Rhaphidioptera Navás 1916 should be used with its author and date, while Raphidioptera Martynov 1938 should be considered its unjustified emendation and a circumscriptional synonym and used with its own author and date.