NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Pterygota Gegenbaur 1878

NOMEN: Pterygota Gegenbaur 1878 [C. Gegenbaur. Grundriss der vergleichenden Anatomie. - Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 1878: 1-655]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Gegenbaur 1878): Ephemeroptera (= Ephemera + "Chloe") + Plecoptera (= Perla) + Odonata (= Libellula + Agrion + Aeschna) + Copeognatha (= Psocina = Psocus + Troctes) + Embioptera (= Embida) + Thysanoptera (= "Thysanopoda", gen. Thrips) + Isoptera (= Termitida) + Mecaptera (= Panorpina) + Rhaphidioptera (= Rhaphidia) + Meganeuroptera (= "gen. Sialis") + Birostrata (= Hemerobida) + Trichoptera (= Phryganida) + Strepsiptera + Neoblattariae (= Blatta) + Raptoriae (= Mantis) + Saltatoria + Dermatoptera (= Forficula) + Coleoptera De Geer 1774 + Hymenoptera + Auchenorrhyncha (= Cicadina) + Plantisuga (= Aphis + Chermes + Coccus) + Heteroptera + Pseudorhynchota (= Pediculina) + Diptera (= Nemocera + Brachycera + Pupipara) + Aphaniptera +  Lepidoptera

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Pterygogenea Brauer 1885
= Eupleomerentoma Krausse & Wolff 1919

= Pterygotia Pearce 1936
= Pterentoma Chen 1958

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Pediculus/f=Scarabaeus/g (sine Lepisma; incl. Ephemera) [f:1777; g:1758(gen.170)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Scarabaeona

MODERN STATUS: the valid, the oldest name of a generally accepted, holophyletic taxon.
Systematic position of Pterygota:

modern
phylogenetic
classification
(Kluge02000):00000
classification
by
Hennig01953:00000

other0classifications:0000000000000000000000000000000

 
Hexapoda
  Entognatha
    Protura
    Collembola
    Diplura
  Amyocerata
    Triplura
      Microcoryphia
 
    Zygentoma
    Pterygota
Hexapoda
  Entognatha
    Protura
    Collembola
    Diplura
  Amyocerata
    Microcoryphia
    Dicondylia
      Zygentoma
      Pterygota
Hexapoda
  Apterygota
    Protura
    Collembola
    Diplura
    Triplura
  Pterygota
Hexapoda
  Ellipura
    Protura
    Collembola
  Pleomerentoma
    Diplura
    Triplura
    Pterygota
Hexapoda
  Protura
    Protura
  Holomerentoma
    Collembola 
    Diplura
    Triplura
    Pterygota

Classifications of Pterygota:

various0modern0classifications:000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

 
Pterygota
  Ephemeroptera
  Metapterygota
    Odonata
    Neoptera
 
    Polyneoptera
     
Paraneoprtera
      Metabola
Pterygota
  Odonata
  Chiastomyaria
 
  Ephemeroptera
    Neoptera
 
    Polyneoptera
      Paraneoprtera
      Metabola
Pterygota
  Palaeoptera
 
  Ephemeroptera
    Odonata
  Neoptera
 
  Polyneoptera
    Paraneoprtera
    Metabola
Pterygota
  Odonata
  Scarabaeus/fg
 
  Ephemeroptera
    Paraneoprtera
    Metabola
  Polyneoptera

COMMENT. The taxon Pterygota unites winged and secondarily wingless insects. Before the name Pterygota introduced, for a taxon initing winged insects, following names were suggested: Alata Retzuis 1783, Pterophora Clairville 1798, Pterodicera Latreille 1802, Metabolia Leach 1815, Ptilota (Aristoteles) MacLeay 1821, Emptera Amyot 1848, Insecta sensu Latreille 1810 & Lamarck 1801-1835 (non Insecta Linnaeus 1758). However, originally taxa under all these names did not include a secondarily wingless insect taxon Pseudorhynchota (= Parasita); Alata and Pterophora besides this, did not include another secondarily wingless insect taxon Aphaniptera (= Pulex).