NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Planipennia Burmeister 1839

NOMEN: Planipennia Burmeister 1839 [H. Burmeister. Handbuch der Entomologie. Bd.2, Abt.2, Hf.2, 1839: 757-1050]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Burmeister 1839): Mecaptera (= Panorpina) + Neuropteroidea (= Sialidae +  Rhaphidiodea + Hemerobiidae + Myrmeleontidae)]

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:
= Subnecromorphotica
Westwood 1840

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Myrmeleon/f=Hemerobius/g [f:1802; g:1758(gen.210)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: the oldes name of a non-accepted, paraphyletic taxon.

COMMENT. The name Planipennes was wrongly regarded as a French spelling of the name Planipennia. Some authors wrongly used the names Planipennes and Planipennia for Birostrata.


Kluge 2010 BioNomina Dual-Nom :

The name Planipennes Latreille 1817 is sometimes misinterpreted as French and therefore often spelled ‘Planipennia’; however, Latreille (1825) spells ‘Planipennes’ in both Latin and French elsewhere. Originally (Latreille 1817) the family Planipennes consisted of genera (or subgenera in Cuvier’s sense) Nemoptera, Bittacus, Panorpa, Boreus, Myrmeleon, Ascalaphus, Hemerobius, Osmylus, “Semblis” (i.e. Sialis), Raphidia, Termes, Psocus and Perla, with combined circumscription of Mecaptera + Birostrata + Meganeuroptera + Rhaphidioptera + Isoptera + Copeognatha + Plecoptera. Thus, Planipennes is a junior circumscriptional synonym of Stegoptera Dumeril 1805.

Burmeister (1835–1839) was the first to use the spelling ‘Planipennia’. His tribe Planipennia Burmeister 1839 consisted of the families “Sialidae” (should be Corydalidae), Panorpina, Rhaphidiodea, Hemerobiidae, and Myrmeleontidae, with combined circumscription of Meganeuroptera + Mecaptera + Rhaphidioptera + Birostrata. Some modern authors use the name “Planipennia” for Birostrata; this usage goes back to ‘Brehms Tierleben’ (Heymons 1915) and is inconsistent with circumscriptional principles.