NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Paraneoptera Martynov 1923

NOMEN: Paraneoptera Martynov 1923 [.. . . - I , 15-21.XII.1922 ., 1923: 88-89]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Martynov 1923): Arthroidignatha (= "Hemiptera") + Copeognatha + Mallophaga + Siphunculata (= "Anoplura") (?) ; (Martynov 1924): position of Thysanoptera uncertain

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:

= Panhomoptera Crampton 1918

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS (distinctly including Zoraptera):

= Parametabola Crampton 1938 (non Weber 1933)

= Hemipteradelphia Crampton 1938

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS (distinctly excluding Zoraptera):

Acercaria Börner 1904

= Anurota Chen 1962
= Acercarida Boudreaux 1979
= Hemineoptera Kukalova-Peck & Brauckmann 1992

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Pediculus/f=Cicada/g [f:1777; g:1758(gen.195)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: 

MODERN STATUS: invalid name: monosemantic junior synonym of Panhomoptera Crampton 1919; non-monosemantic synonym either of Parametabola Crampton 1938, or of Acercaria Borner 1904.

Parametabola (= Paraneoptera s.l.)
 
Zoraptera
 
Acercaria (= Paraneoptera s.str.)
    Panpsocoptera
      plesiomorphon
Copeognatha
     
Parasita
   
Condylognatha
     
Thysanoptera
     
Arthroidignatha

Kluge 2010 BioNomina Dual-Nom :

Paraneoptera is the most familiar name of the taxon consisting of Acercaria and Zoraptera. Martynov (1938) preferred the name Paraneoptera Martynov 1923 as having priority over Parametabola Crampton 1938. In 1938 Martynov applied the name Paraneoptera to the same taxon as Parametabola, explicitly including Zoraptera; earlier, however, (e.g., Martynov 1923) he defined Paraneoptera rather vaguely (with Zoraptera not mentioned and Thysanoptera uncertainly placed), which later caused some authors (e.g., Grassé 1949, Grimaldi & Engel 2005) to apply the name Paraneoptera to a taxon excluding Zoraptera. Actually, the taxon excluding Zoraptera has an older and widely accepted name Acercaria Börner 1904 (Börner 1904, Königsmann 1960, Hennig 1969, 1981). Panhomoptera Crampton 1919 (not Paraneoptera) is the oldest name for the taxon with no mention of Zoraptera in original circumscription. Cramptons (1919) superorder Panhomoptera included the orders Corrodentia (i.e. Copeognatha), Mallophaga, Siphunculata, Thysanoptera, and Hemiptera (i.e. Arthroidignatha). The oldest names for the taxon expressly including Zoraptera are Parametabola = Hemipteradelphia Crampton 1938, with Zoraptera listed in the original publication. Recent fierce debates around the placement of the Zoraptera underscores the need to use a name whose original circumscription monosemantically fits the taxon.

Weber (1933) used an identical name, Parametabola, to refer to male coccids (Gallinsecta) with their peculiar metamorphosis; since the females were not included, Webers Parametabola is not a taxon name, but rather a term of no nomenclatural standing.

Some recent workers place Zoraptera with the Polyneoptera rather than see it as sister to the Acercaria. The taxon Zoraptera + Polyneoptera has a monosemantic circumscriptional name Urota Chen 1962, and its junior monosemantical circumscriptional synonym is Polyneopterata Boudreaux 1979.


REFERENCES:

Börner C. 1904. Zur Systematic der Hexapoden. // Zoologischer Anzeiger, 27: 511533.

Boudreaux H. B. 1979. Arthropod phylogeny with special reference to insects. New York, Chichester, Brisbane & Toronto (John Wiley & sons): 1320.

Chen S. H. 1962. [Types of insect metamorphosis and a new system of insect classification]. // Acta entomologica sinica, 11 (1): 115. [In Chinese].

Crampton G. C. 1919. Notes on phylogeny of the Orthoptera. // Entomological News, 30 (2): 4248; (3): 6472.

Crampton G.C. 1938. The interrelationships and lines of descent of living insects. // Psyche, 45 (4): 165181.

Grassé P.-P. 1949. Traité de Zoologie. Tomes 910. Insectes. Paris (Masson & Co.).

Grimaldi D. & Engel M. S. 2005. Evolution of the insects. Cambridge: 1755.

Hennig W. 1969. Die Stammesgeschichte der Insecten. Frankfurt am Main (Krammer): 1436.

Hennig W. 1981. Insect phylogeny. Translated and edited by A. C. Pont, revision notes by D. Sclee. Chichester, New York, Brisbane & Toronto (John Wiley & Sons): 1514.

Königsmann E. 1960. Zur Phylogenie der Parametabola unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Phthiraptera. // Beiträge zur Entomologie, 10 (78): 705744.

Martynov A.V. 1923. [About two types of insect wings and their significance for general classification of insects]. // [Proceedings of the 1st Russian Congress of Zoologists, Anatomists and Histologists in Petrograd, 1521.XII.1922]: 8889. [In Russian].

Martynov A.V. 1938. [Etudes sur lhistoire géologique et de phylogénie des ordres des Insectes (Pterygota). I. Palaeoptera et Neoptera-Polyneoptera]. // Trudy paleontologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR [Travaux de lInstitut de Paléontologie de lAcadémie des Sciences de lUSSR), 7 (4): 1449. [In Russian].

Weber H. 1933. Lehrbuch der Entomologie. Jena: 1726.