NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Pantophaga Klausnitzer 1975

NOMEN: Pantophaga Klausnitzer 1975: 271, 272, 274 [B. Klausnitzer. Probleme der Abgrenzung von Unterordungen bei den Coleoptera. - Entomol. Abhandlungen Staatl. Mus. Tierkunde in Dresden, 1975, 40 (8): 269-275]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Klausnitzer 1975): Adephaga + Myxophaga + Polyphaga

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS (with uncertain position of Archostemata - see COMMENT):

= Coleoptera De Geer 1774 s.str.

= Eleuterata Fabricius 1775 s.str.

= Elytroptera Clairville 1798 s.str.

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Scarabaeus/fg (incl. Cupes) [f:1781; g:1758(gen.170)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: 

MODERN STATUS: the valid, the oldest monosemantic name of a generally accepted, holophyletic taxon.
Systematic position and classification of Pantophaga:

Coleoptera
  Archostemata
  Pantophaga
    Adephagi
    Myxophaga
    Polyphaga

COMMENT. When the name Coleoptera was introduced, Archostemata were discovered. Because of this, the name Coleoptera sensu De Geer 1774 can be formally regarded as a non-monosemantic name, which can be ascribed Pantophaga Klausnitzer 1975; really, some authors used the name Coleoptera in such meaning - see . But from the literature of XVIII-XIX centuries we can proceed, that if Archostemata would be known to De Geer, they would be included to his Coleoptera. Up to the middle of the XX century, representatives of Archostemata were not opposed to all other Coleoptera, but were attribulted to one of subordinate taxa of Coleoptera - either to Malacodermi (Latreille1802, et al.), or to Adephagi (Kolbe 1901, Lameere 1938 et al.). So Coleoptera can be regarded as a monosemantic name, being not a senior synonym of Pantophaga.