NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Palaeolepidoptera Packard 1895

NOMEN: Palaeolepidoptera Packard 1895 [A.S. Packard. On the phylogeny of the Lepidoptera. - Zoologischer Anzeiger, 1895, 18 (465): 228-236]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Packard 1895): Eriocrania/fg (= Micropterygidae sensu Chapman 1894) 

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Hoplostomatoptera Kiriakoff 1948

= Paleolepidoptera Mielke & Casagrande 2006

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Eriocrania/fg [f:1899; g: 1850]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Eriocrania, Eriocraniides, Eriocraniidae, Eriocraniina

MODERN STATUS: tthe valid, the oldest name, belonging either to widely accepted plesiomorphon (Palaeolepidopterta s.l.), or to a holophyletic taxon (Palaeolepidoptera s.str.).
Systematic position and classification of Palaeolepidoptera:

classification by Packard 1895 classification by 
Nielsen & Kristensen 1996
Lepidoptera
  plesiomorphon Protolepidoptera
  Glossolepidoptera
 
  plesiomorphon Palaeolepidoptera
   
Neolepidoptera
Lepidoptera
  plesiomorphon Protolepidoptera
 
Glossolepidoptera
 
  Palaeolepidoptera (s.str.)
    Coelolepida
 
    Acanthopteroctetes/fg 
      Lophocorona/fg
      Myoglossata
 
      Neopseustis/fg
       
Neolepidoptera (s.str.)

COMMENT. When the taxon Palaeolepidoptera was established, Acanthopteroctetes, Lophocorona and the taxa attributed to Neopseustis/fg1 were not discovered yet. So the name Palaeolepidoptera (and its circumscriptional synonym Hoplostomatoptera) can be used either in a wide sense - for a plesiomorphon which is characterized only by retention of pupa dectica, or in a narrow sense - for a smaller taxon, which is probably holophyletic and is characterized by some autapomorphies (Nielsen & Kristensen 1996 [The Australian moth family Lophocoronidae and the basal phylogeny of the Lepidoptera-Glossata. - Invertebrate Taxonomy, 10 (6): 1199-1302]).