NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Neoptera

CONTENTS:

1) Neoptera Woodworth 1906

2) Neoptera Martynov 1923

3) Opinion

1) Neoptera Woodworth 1906

NOMEN: Neoptera Woodworth 1906 [C.W. Woodworth. The wingveins of insects. - Univ. Californ. Publicat. Techn. Ser. Entomol., 1906, 1 (1): 1-152]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Woodworth 1906): Diptera + Hymenoptera + Lepidoptera

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Homoptera Burmeister 1835 (non Latreille 1810)

= Zygothoraca Schoch 1884  

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Papilio/fg (incl. Oestrus, Cynips) [f:1781; g:1758(gen.203)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: a junior synonym of Zygothoraca Schoch 1884; belongs to a non-accepted, polyphyletic taxon.


2) Neoptera Martynov 1923

NOMEN: Neoptera Martynov 1923 [А.В. Мартынов. О двух основных типах крыльев насекомых и их значении для общей классификаци насекомых. - Тр. I Всероссийского съезда зоологов, анатомов и гистологов в Петрограде 15-21.XII.1922 г., 1923: 88-89]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Martynov 1923): "Polyneoptera" + "Paraneoptera" + "Oligoneoptera";
(Martynov 1924): Saltatoria (= Orthoptera) + Plecoptera + Dermatoptera + Embioidea + Blattodea Blatta + Mantodea Mantis + Isoptera + Arthroidignatha (= "Rhynchota") + Panpsocoptera (= "Corrodentia") + Thysanoptera

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Neopterygota Crampton 1924

= Neoptilota Lameere 1933

= Opisthoptera Lemche 1940

= Neopterata Boudreaux 1979 

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Pediculus/f=Scarabaeus/g (sine Libellula; incl. Forficula) [f:1777; g:1758(gen.170)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: the valid, the oldest name of a generally accepted, holophyletic taxon.

Systematic position of Neoptera:

different classifications:
Pterygota
  Ephemeroptera
  Metapterygota
    Odonata
    Neoptera
Pterygota
  Palaeoptera
    Ephemeroptera
    Odonata
  Neoptera

Classifications of Neoptera:

different classifications:
Neoptera
  Polyneoptera
  Eumetabola
    Parametabola
      Zoraptera
      Acercaria
   
Metabola
Neoptera
  Urota
    Polyneoptera
    Zoraptera
  Phalloneopterata
    Acercaria
   
Metabola

3) OPINION

In spite of the fact that the name Neoptera Martynov 1923 is preoccupied, it should be valid, because recently is more widely used than its junior circumscriptional synonyms Neopterygota, Neoptilota, Opisthoptera and Neopterata; its senior homonym Neoptera Woodworth 1906 is invalid, being a forgotten junior synonym of Zygothoraca Schoch 1884 and belonging to a non-accepted taxon.