NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Myriapoda & Myriapodes

CONTENTS: 

1) Myriapodes Latreille 1796

2) Myriapoda Latreille 1802

3) Opinion

 1) Myriapodes Latreille 1796

NOMEN: Myriapodes Latreille 1796 [P.A. Latreille . Présis des caractères génériques des insectes, disposés dans un ordre naturel. - Paris-Brive, Prévôt - F. Bourdeaux, 1796]

ORIGINAL SPELLING (Latreille 1796): Myriapodes (in French)

SUBSEQUENT SPELLING: Myriapoda (see below)

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Latreille 1796): Isopoda (= Asellus + Oniscus) + Myriapoda sensu Latreille 1802 (Julus + Scolopendra)

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:

= Mitosata Fabricius 1793

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Polytoma Billberg 1820

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Oniscus/fg (incl. Scolopendra) [f:1781; g:1758(gen.241)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: junior name of a non-accepted, polyphyletic taxon.


2) Myriapoda Latreille 1802

NOMEN: Myriapoda Latreille 1802: T.1:343, T.3:43 [P.A. Latreille. Histoire naturelle, générale et particuliere des Crustacés et des Insectes. T.3, 1802]

ORIGINAL SPELLING (Latreille 1802): myriapoda (in Latin), Mille-pedes (in French)

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Latreille 1802): Diplopoda (= Chilognatha) + Chilopoda (= Syngnatha). Other taxa recently included to Myriapoda (Symphyla and Pauropoda) were unknown at that time.

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:

= Polypoda Lamarck 1801
JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Millepeda Leach 1814

= Myriapodia Rafinesque 1815

= Stigmatopnea Goldfuss 1820

= Tracheales Burmeister 1830

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Julus/f=Scolopendra/g [f:1814; g:1758(gen.242)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: the valid (while not the oldest), generally accepted name of a holophyletic taxon.  
Systematic position of Myriapoda:

different classifications:

Mandibulata
  Eucrustacea
  Atelocerata
    Hexapoda
    Myriapoda
Mandibulata
  Pancrustacea
 
  Eucrustacea

    Hexapoda
  Myriapoda

Classifications of Myrapoda:

different classifications:

Myriapoda
  Chilopoda
  Progoneata
    Symphyla
    Collifera
      Pauropoda
      Diplopoda
Myriapoda
  Homopoda
    Chilopoda
    Symphyla
  Collifera
    Pauropoda
    Diplopoda

3) OPINION

The name Myriapoda is generally accepted for the taxon which was named so by Latreille 1802. Earlier, Latreille (1796) used this name in French spelling, as Myriapodes, and applied it to a taxon of wider circumscription. Burmeister (1830) used both names as Latin ones: Myriapodes for a wider taxon, and Myriapoda for a subordinated taxon (as a synonym of "Myriapodes trachales"). For the purpose of stability of the name Myriapoda, this concept should be accepted: the name Myriapodes Latreille 1796 should be regarded as a separate Latin name, but not as a French spelling of the Latin name Myriapoda.

This is an exception of the rule: In other cases original French spelling of an old Latin name should be regarded as available with original authorship, date and circumscription, but with subsequent latinization of its ending.