NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Mandibulata

CONTENTS: 

1) Pterophora-Mandibulata Clairville 1798

2) Aptera-Mandibulata Clairville 1798

3) Mandibulata Latreille 1825

4) Mandibulata Snodgrass 1935

1) Pterophora-Mandibulata Clairville 1798 

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Clairville 1798): Coleoptera DeGeer (= Elytroptera) + Dermaptera DeGeer (= Deratoptera) + Neuroptera Linn. (= Dictyoptera) + Hymenoptera (= Phleboptera) 

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Scarabaeus/fg [f:1781; g:1758(gen.170)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: belongs to a non-accepted, paraphyletic taxon. 


2) Aptera-Mandibulata Clairville 1798

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Clairville 1798): Pododunera

OBJECTIVE SYNONYM: 
= Pododunera
Clairville 1798

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT:  

MODERN STATUS:


3) Mandibulata Latreille 1825

NOMEN: Mandibulata Latreille 1825 [P.A. Latreille. Familles naturelles du règne animal. - Paris, J.B. Baillière, 1825: 1-570]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Latreille 1825): Ricinus/fg (= Ricin) + Gyropus/fg (= Gyrope) + Nirmus/fg (= Nirme) + Trichodectes/fg (Trichodectes)

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Ornithomyza
Dumeril 1805
= Mallophaga Nitzsch 1818
= Orthoptera epizoica Nitzsch 1818
JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:
= Lipoptera Shipley 1904

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Philopterus/f=Ricinus/g [f:1838; g1778]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: 

MODERN STATUS: a junior synonym of Mallophaga Nitzsch 1818.


4) Mandibulata Snodgrass 1935

NOMEN: Mandibulata Snodgrass 1935 [R.E. Snodgrass. Principles of insect morphology. - McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London, 1935: 1-667]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Snodgrass 1935): Eucrustacea (= "Crustacea") + Myriapoda + Hexapoda

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Cormogradi Crampton 1928
= Entomomorpha Lameere 1934

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Pediculus/f=Scarabaeus/g (incl. Cancer, Scolopendra) [f:1777; g:1758(gen.170)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: generally accepted (but not the oldest) name of holophyletic taxon (see Kluge 2000).
Systematic position of Mandibulata:

Euarthropoda
  Trilobitomorpha
 
Chelicerophora
    Pantopoda
    Chelicerata
  Mandibulata

Classifications of Mandibulata:

different classifications:

Mandibulata
  Eucrustacea
 
Atelocerata
    Myriapoda
    Hexapoda
Mandibulata
  Myriapoda
  Pancrustacea
    Eucrustacea
    Hexapoda

COMMENT. The name Mandibulata Snodgrass 1935 is generally accepted at the present time. However, this name is preoccupied: in the first half of XIX century there was widely used the same name Mandibulata Clairville 1798 for one of groups of winged insects (see above); besides this, the same name Mandibulata Latreille 1825 was suggested for biting lice (Mallophaga - see above). The oldest name of the taxon uniting Eucrustacea, Myriapoda and Hexapoda is Polygnatha Latreille 1820 (originally Polygnathes, in French spelling); however, in the original publication the type Polygnathes did not include parasitic eucrustaceans and sucking lice, which were arttributed to the type Pseudognathes; besides this, in  earlier works the same name Polygnatha (originally Polygnathes, in French spelling) was used for a small taxon which included only terrestrial eucrustaceans and was opposed to insects and myriapods (Dumeril 1805)