NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Isoptera

CONTENTS: 

1) Isoptera Brulle 1832

2) Isoptera Lameere 1900

 1) Isoptera Brullé 1832

NOMEN: Isoptera Brullé 1832: 66 (non p.100) [M. Brullé. 2 section - Des animaux articules. In: Expedition scientifique de Moree. Section des sciences physiques. Tome III. 1-re Partie. Zoologie. Paris, 1832: 1-400]

ORIGINAL SPELLING (Brullé 1832): Isoptères (in French)

SUBSEQUENT SPELLING (Brauer 1885): Isoptera (in Latin)

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Brullé 1832): les Termes Termes 

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Socialia Gerstaecker 1863 (non Burmeister 1829)

= Socialis 

= Sociata 

= Isopterina Pearce 1936

= Isopterodea Boudreaux 1979

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM (including Embioptera):

Isoptera Brullé 1832: p.100 (non p.66) = Aetioptera Enderlein 1909  

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Termes/fg [f:1802; g:1758(gen.232)]

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Termes, Termitina, Termitinae, Termitides, Termides, Termites, Termina, Termitidae, Termesidi, Termitida

MODERN STATUS: the valid, the oldest name of a generally accepted, holophyletic taxon.
Systematic position and classification of Isoptera:

Holopandictyoptera = Pandictyoptera s.l. (Blatta/fg1)
  pm.
Palaeoblattariae (Mylacris/fg1)
 
Cryptovipositoria = Pandictyoptera s.str. (Blatta/fg2)
   
Raptoriae (Mantis/fg1)
   
Oothecophora (Blatta/fg3)
      pm.
Neoblattariae (Blatta/fg4)
     
Isoptera (Termes/fg1)

        pm.Hemiclidoptera (Mastotermes/fg1)
       
Cryptoclidoptera (Termes/fg2)

COMMENT. Originally, the name Isoptera Brulle 1832 was published in French transcription ("Isoptères"), without diagnosis and without distinct indication of the taxon circumscription; on page 66 (where a general classification of insects is discussed) is mentioned that the order "Isoptères" is established for termites ("les Termes"); on page 100 of the same publication (in the discussion of a new order Dictyoptera), it is said that the order "Isoptères" unites termites and embiids ("les Termites et ... Embie"). In the end of XIX - beginning of the XX century, the name Isoptera (with Brulle's authorship) was sometimes used for a taxon including only termites, and sometimes for a taxon uniting termites and embiids. The modern tradition is to use this name for termites only.


2) Isoptera Lameere 1900

NOMEN: Isoptera Lameere 1900 [A. Lameere. Manuel de la faune de Belge. Tome II. Bruxelles, 1900: 1-858]

ORIGINAL SPELLING (Lameere 1900): Isopteres (in French)

SUBSEQUENT SPELLING: -

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Lameere 1900):  

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Zygoptera Selys 1854 

= Caudobranchiati Roster 1885 

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Calepteryx/f=Lestes/g [f:1850; g:1815] (the oldest name Agrion/fg should be suppressed by the ICZN)

TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: 

MODERN STATUS: invalid junior homonym of Isoptera Brulle 1832 and junior synonym of Zygoptera Selys 1854.