NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Hemiptera

CONTENTS: 

1) Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758

2) Hemiptera Retzius 1783

 1) Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758

NOMEN: Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758: 434 [C. Linnaeus. Systema Naturae, ed. 10, 1758, T.1: 1- 824]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Linnaeus 1758): Auchenorrhyncha (= Cicada) + Heteroptera (= Notonecta + Nepa + Cimex) + Plantisuga (= Aphis + Chermes + Coccus) + Thysanoptera (= Thrips)

CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Proboscidea
Scopoli 1763 (non Proboscidea Latreille 1809, nec Proboscidea Illiger 1811)
= Reamurii Scopoli 1777

= Hemimeroptera Clairville 1798
= Condylognatha
Borner 1904

= Elytroptera-Siphonostoma Latreille 1807 (non Gymnoptera-Siphonostoma)
= Panhemiptera = Hemipteria
Crampton 1938
= Condylognathida
Boudreaux 1979

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Cimex/f=Cicada/g (incl. Thrips) [f:1781; g:1758(gen.195)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: Cimicoides

MODERN STATUS: non-valid (forgotten), but the oldest circumscriptional synonym of Condylognatha Borner 1904.

COMMENT. Some authors wrongly regard names Hemiptera, Ryngota, Rhynchota and Arthroidignatha as synonyms; actually original circumscriptions of these names are different :

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Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758 - + + -
Ryngota Fabricius 1775 = Rhyngota Fabricius 1799 - + + +
Rhynchota Burmeister 1835 + - + -
Arthroidignatha Spinola 1850 - - + -
  

Kluge 2010 BioNomina Dual-Nom :

The widespread use of the name “Hemiptera” to refer to the taxon consisting of Heteroptera, Coleorrhyncha, Auchenorrhyncha, and Plantisuga, goes against circumscriptional principles. 

During the 18th century, the name Hemiptera was variously applied to an assemblage of orthopterans, fireflies, ants, true bugs, and scorpions (Linnaeus 1735); to insects with somewhat hardened forewings — orthopterans and bugs (Linnaeus 1789); to orthopterans only (Retzius 1783); or to bugs and allies (Linnaeus 1758). Under the starting point rule, the formal authorship is Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758, and the original circumscription of this name is the one adopted in the 10th edition of ‘Systema Naturae’ where (unlike in some other editions thereof, both earlier and later) the order Hemiptera consisted of the genera Cicada, Notonecta, Nepa, Cimex, Aphis, Chermes, Coccus, and Thrips with combined circumscription of Arthroidignatha + Thysanoptera. Thus, the name Hemiptera is a circumscriptional synonym of Condylognatha Börner 1904, not Arthroidignatha Spinola 1850.


2) Hemiptera Retzius 1783

NOMEN: Hemiptera Retzius 1783 [A.J. Retzius. Genera et species insectorum. Lipsiae, 1783]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Retzius 1783): (Spectra + Raptoriae) (= Mantis) + Saltatoria (= Locusta
+ Acrydium + Gryllus)
+ Neoblattariae (= Blatta) + Dermatoptera (= Forficula)

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Dermaptera
DeGeer 1773
= Ulonata Fabricius 1775
JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:

= Deratoptera Clairville 1798 

TYPIFIED NAMES(S): Gryllus/f=Forficula/g [f:1781; g:1758(gen.192)]
TYPIFIED NAME IN USE: Grylloides

MODERN STATUS: non-valid, junior homonym of Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758 and junior synonym of Dermaptera DeGeer 1773; belongs to a non-accepted taxon.