NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Euneuropteroidea Krausse & Wolff 1919

NOMEN: Euneuropteroidea Krausse & Wolff 1919 [A. Krausse, M. Wolff. Eine Uebersicht über die bisher aufgestellten fossilen und rezenten Insecte - Arch. Naturg. (A), 1919, 85 (3): 151-171]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Krausse & Wolff 1919): Myrmeleonida Myrmeleon + Ascalaphida Ascalaphus + Nemopteridida Nemoptera (misprint "Neuropteridida") + Sisyrida Sisyra + Osmylida Osmylus + †Kalligrammida Kalligramma + †Nymphitida Nymphites + †Mesochrysopida Mesochrysopa + †Prohemerobiida Prohemerobius + †Solenoptilida Solenoptilon + Dilarida Dilar + Polystoechotidida Polystoechotes + Nymphesida Nymphes + Hemerobiida Hemerobius + Chrysopida Chrysopa + Mantispida Mantispa + Coniopterygida Coniopteryx

NON-MONOSEMANTIC CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS (with undetermined position of extinct taxa):
= Megaloptera Burmeister 1839 (non Latreille 1802, nec Latreille 1807)

= Neuropterida Pearce 1936
= Birostrata Kluge 2005

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Myrmeleon/f=Hemerobius/g [f:1802; g:1758(gen.210)]
TYPIFIED NAME IN USE: Myrmeleontida

MODERN STATUS: possibly, the senior synonym of Birostrata Kluge 2005 (see COMMENT). 

COMMENT. Possibly, the name Euneuropteroidea is the oldest correct circumscriptional name of a holophyletic taxon Birostrata (which in modern literature is often wrongly called Neuroptera or Planipennia). However, among the taxa originally included into Euneuropteroidea by Krausse & Wolff 1919, there are extinct taxa Prohemerobius/fg, Solenoptilon/fg, Kalligramma/fg, Nymphites/fg and Mesochrysopa/fg, known only as fossil adults. The only reason to unite these taxa with Birostrata, is that their wing venation have features of Neuropteroidea, but have no special features of Rhaphidioptera, Nothomegaloptera or Eumegaloptera; at the same time, no one of these taxa has distinct diagnosis basing on wing venation. Probably, the taxon Euneuropteroidea is poorly a plesiomorphon, ancestral for Rhaphidioptera and Meganeuroptera and existing since Permian (or at least since Lias, from which the type-species of Prohemerobius Handlirsch 1906 was described), unlike the holophyletic taxon Birostrata.