NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Dictyoptera

CONTENTS: 

1) Dictyoptera Clairville 1796

2) Dictyoptera Brulle 1832

3) Dictyoptera Dohrn 1866

4) Dictyoptera auct. = Dictuoptera auct.

5) OPINION

 1) Dictyoptera Clairville 1798

NOMEN: Dictyoptera Clairville 1798 [J. de Clairville. Helvetische Entomologie. Zurich, 1798]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Clairville 1798):  

SENIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYM:
= Neuroptera Linnaeus 1758

= Caudata Scopoli 1777

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS: 
= Neuropteria Rafinesque 1815

= Anisomorpha Newman 1834

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Libellula/fg [f:1781; g:1758(gen.207)]
TYPIFIED NAME IN USE: Libelluloides

MODERN STATUS: junior synonym of Neuroptera Linnaeus 1758; belongs to a non-accepted. paraphyletic taxon.


 2) Dictyoptera Brulle 1832

NOMEN: Dictyoptera Brulle 1832 [M. Brulle. 2 section - Des animaux articules. In: Expedition scientifique de Moree. Section des sciences physiques. Tome III. 1-re Partie. Zoologie, 1832. Paris, p. 1-400]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Brulle 1832): Libellulinae Libellula + Ephemerinae Ephemera + Perlariae Perla 

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Arkiptera Laporte 1834 
= Amphibiotica Gerstaecker 1863
= Amphibioticoidea Krausse & Wolff 1919

= Pseudoneuropteria Pearce 1936

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Libellula/fg [f: 1781; g: 1758(gen. 207)]
TYPIFIED NAME IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: non-valid, preoccupied name; synonym of Amphibiotica Gerstaecker 1863; belongs to a non-accepted paraphyletic taxon which unites Ephemeroptera + Odonata + Plecoptera


 3) Dictyoptera Dohrn 1866

NOMEN: Dictyoptera Dohrn 1866 [A. Dohrn. Eugereon Boeckingi, eine neue Insectenform aus dem Todtliegenden. Palaeontographica, Bd.13, 1866: 333-340, Taf.41]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Dohrn 1866): Eugereon

JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
=
Palaeodictyoptera Goldenberg 1877

= Stenodictyopterida Brongniart 1885

= Palaeodictyopterida Pearce 1936

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Dictyoneura/fg [f:1906; g:1854]
TYPIFIED NAME IN USE: Dictyoneurida

MODERN STATUS: non-valid, preoccupied name; synonym of Palaeodictyoptera Goldenberg 1877; belongs to a generally accepted, extinct, holophyletic taxon.


 4) Dictyoptera auct. = Dictuoptera auct.

NOMEN: Dictyoptera

ORIGINAL SPELLING (Bolivar 1898): Dictiopteros (in Spanish)

SUBSEQUENT SPELLING (Verhoeff 1902): Dictyoptera sensu J. Bolivar

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Bolivar 1898, Verhoeff 1902): Blattodea Blatta + Mantodea Mantis 

CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Nomoneura Brauer 1885 

= Oothecaria Verhoeff 1902

= Homoneura Enderlein 1903 

= Palaeopteradelphia Crampton 1915 

= Blattoptera Schwanwitsch 1946

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Mantis/f=Blatta/g (incl. Termes) [f:1802; g: 1758(gen.193)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: 

MODERN STATUS: non-valid, preoccupied name; synonym of Oothecaria Verhoeff 1902; belongs to a non-accepted paraphyletic taxon.

COMMENT. Some modern authors wrongly use the name Dictyoptera for a holophyletic taxon Pandictyoptera Crampton 1917 (which units Neoblattariae + Isoptera + Raptoriae) and ascribe to it the authorship "Leach 1815". Actually Leach in in all his publications used the name Dictuoptera (not Dictyoptera) and attributed it to Neoblattariae only, not uniting them with Isoptera and/or Raptoriae.


4) OPINION

The name Dictyoptera is translated from Latin as "lace-wings", while insects called "lace-wings" (in various senses) are often called Neuroptera. This tradition agrees with the first sense of this name - Dictyoptera Clairville 1798. The name Dictyoptera Clairville 1798 was not forgotten: basing on homonymy with it, the name Dictyoptera Brulle 1832 was renamed to Arkiptera Laporte 1834 and Amphibiotica Gerstaecker 1863, and the name Dictyoptera Dohrn 1866 was renamed to Palaeodictyoptera Goldenberg 1877; this was generally accepted, in spite of the fact that the older name Dictyoptera never was valid. In order to avoid confusion, the name Dictyoptera should not be used for any taxon.