NOMINA CIRCUMSCRIBENTIA INSECTORUM

CONTENTS

REFERENCES

                                                   

Typified names:

Condylognatha Börner 1904

NOMEN: Condylognatha Börner 1904 [C. Börner. Zur Systematic der Hexapoden - Zool. Anz., 1904, 27: 511-533]

ORIGINAL LISTED MEMBERSHIP (Börner 1904): Thysanoptera + Arthroidignatha (= Cicadina + Psyllidae + Aleyrodidae + Aphididae + Phylloxeridae + Coccidae + Sandaliorrhyncha + "Heteroptera") [+ Conorrhyncha (see COMMENT)]

OLDER CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:

= Hemiptera Linnaeus 1758 (non Hemiptera auct.)
= Proboscidea Scopoli 1763 (non Proboscidea Latreille 1809, nec Proboscidea Illiger 1811)
= Reamurii Scopoli 1777

= Hemimeroptera Clairville 1798
= Elytroptera-Siphonostoma Latreille 1807 (non Gymnoptera-Siphonostona)

= Hemipteria Rafinesque 1815
JUNIOR CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAL SYNONYMS:
= Condylognathida Boudreaux 1979

TYPIFIED NAME IN BASIC FORMAT: Cimex/f=Cicada/g (incl. Thrips) [f:1781; g:1758(gen. 195)]
TYPIFIED NAMES IN USE: -

MODERN STATUS: the valid (while far not the oldest!) name of a holophyletic taxon.
Systematic position of Condylognatha:

Acercaria
 
Panpsocoptera
  Condylognatha

Classifications of Condylognatha:

modern
phylogenetic
classification:

older classifications:

Condylognatha
  Thysanoptera
 
Arthroidignatha
   
Plantisuga
   
Hemelytrata
     
Auchenorrhyncha
     
Heteropteroidea
       
Coleorrhyncha
       
Heteroptera
Condylognatha
  Hymenelytrata
    Thysanoptera
    Plantisuga
  Hemelytrata
    Auchenorrhyncha
    Heteroptera
Condylognatha
  Homoptera
    Thysanoptera
    Plantisuga
    Auchenorrhyncha
  Heteroptera

COMMENT. The name Condylognatha should be regarded as fitting in circumscription the taxon uniting Thysanoptera and Arthroidignatha only, in spite of the fact that originally Condylognatha included also a taxon Conorrhyncha Börner 1904 (Thaumatoxenia/fg1), which recently is attributed to Diptera. Thaumatoxenia Breddin & Börner 1904 was at that time newly  discovered and not investigated enough; Börner (1904) at first placed it into the order Arthroidignatha (which was named "Rhynchota") in his Condylognatha, in his Acercaria, in his "Hemimetabola"; this should be regarded as an error, but not an opinion about classification. In the subsequent paper (Börner 1907) he moved Thaumatoxenia to the order Diptera in Holometabola.

The name Condylognatha has older circumscriptional synonyms - Hemiptera, Proboscidea and Hemimeroptera. In the modern literature, the name Hemiptera is never used for Condylognatha, but is often used either for Arthroidignatha Spinola 1850, or for Heteroptera Latreille 1810. Because of this, usage of the name Hemiptera for Condylognatha can lead to confusion. A forgotten name Proboscidea Scopoli 1763 has a widely known junior homonym - Proboscidea Illiger 1811 (elefants); besides this, the same name Proboscidea Latreille 1809 was attributed to a taxon in Diptera; the same name was attributed also to some other animal taxa. The name Hemimeroptera Clairville 1798 probably never was used as valid, and now is forgotten.

Valid name for Hemiptera sensu Linnaeus 1758 should be Condylognatha Borner 1904, which is recently the most accepted among all circumscriptional synonyms.