принципы систематики и номенклатуры общая система и филогения насекомых систематика Ephemeroptera

 Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет * биолого-почвенный факультет * кафедра энтомологии * Н.Ю. Клюге

  ENGLISH 

Трансформация ног при превращении личинки в куколку и новый диагноз таксона Metabola = Oligoneoptera

Таблица 1. Систематическое положение принятых таксонов, упоминаемых в тексте

1 Mandibulata Snodgrass 1935 (Scarabaeus/fg1) 

1.1 Eucrustacea Kingsley 1894 (Cancer/fg1) 

1.2 Atelocerata Heymons 1901 (Scarabaeus/fg2)

1.2.1 Myriapoda Latreille 1802 (Scolopendra/fg1)

1.2.2 Hexapoda Latreille 1802 (Scarabaeus/fg3)

1.2.2.1 Entognatha Stummer-Traunfels 1891 (Podura/fg1)

1.2.2.2 Amyocerata Remington 1955 (Scarabaeus/fg4)

1.2.2.2.1 Triplura Ewing 1942 (Lepisma/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2 Pterygota Gegenbaur1878 (Scarabaeus/fg5)

1.2.2.2.2.1 Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1891 (Ephemera/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2 Metapterygota Borner 1909 (Scarabaeus/fg6)

1.2.2.2.2.2.1 Odonata Fabricius 1793 (Libellula/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2 Neoptera Martynov 1923 (Scarabaeus/fg7)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.1 Polyneoptera Martynov 1923 (Gryllus/f1=Forficula/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2 Eumetabola Hennig 1953 (Scarabaeus/fg8)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1 Parametabola Crampton 1938 (Cimex/f1=Cicada/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.1 Zoraptera Silvestri 1913 (Zorotypus/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2 Acercaria Borner 1904 (Cimex/f2=Cicada/g2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.1 Panpsocoptera Crampton 1938 (Psocus/f1=Pediculus/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2 Condylognatha Borner 1904 (Cimex/f3=Cicada/g3)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.1 Thysanoptera Haliday 1836 (Thrips/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2 Arthroidignatha Spinola 1850 (Cimex/f4=Cicada/g4)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.1 Hemelytrata Fallen 1829 (Cimex/f5=Cicada/g5)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2 Plantisuga Dumeril 1805 (Aphis/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2.1 Aphidococca Kluge 2011 (Aphis/fg2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2.1.1 Gynaptera Laporte 1834 (Aphis/fg3)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2.1.2 Gallinsecta De Geer 1776 (Coccus/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2.2 Psyllaleyroda Kluge 2011 (= Psylla/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2.2.1 Scytinelytra Amyot & Serville 1843 (Aleyrodes/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2.2.2.2.2 Saltipedes Amyot & Serville 1843 (Psylla/fg2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2 Metabola Burmeister 1832 (Scarabaeus/fg9)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1 Neuropteroidea Handlirsch 1903 (Myrmeleon/f1=Hemerobius/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.1 Birostrata Kluge 2005 (Myrmeleon/f2=Hemerobius/g2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2 Rhaphidioptera Navas 1916 (Raphidia/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.3 Meganeuroptera Crampton 1916 (Corydalus/f1=Chauliodes/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.3.1 Nothomegaloptera Engel 2004 (Sialis/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.3.2 Eumegaloptera Riek 1974 (Corydalus/f2=Chauliodes/g2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2 Elytrophora Packard 1883 (Scarabaeus/fg10)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1 Eleuterata Fabricius 1775 (Coleoptera: De Geer 1774  ) (Scarabaeus/fg11)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.1 Archostemata Kolbe 1908  (Cupes/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2 Pantophaga Klausnitzer 1975  (Scarabaeus/fg12)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.1 Adephaga Stephens 1829 

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.1.2.2 Polyphaga Emery 1886 (s.l.)  (Scarabaeus/fg13)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2 Strepsiptera Kirby 1813 (Stylops/f1=Xenos/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3 Panzygothoraca Kluge 2004 (Papilio/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.1 Hymenoptera Linnaeus 1758 (Vespa/f1=Cynips/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.1.1 Symphyta Gerstaecker 1867 (Tenthredo/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.1.2 Apocrita Gerstaecker 1867 (Vespa/f2=Cynips/g2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2 Enteracantha Kluge 2010 (Panorpa/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2.1 Scorpiomusci Kluge 2004 (Panorpa/fg2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2.2 Nannomecoptera Hinton 1981 (Nannochorista/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2.3 Metamecoptera Crampton 1930 (Bittacus/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2.4 Pleuroptera Kluge 2010 (Pulex/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2.4.1 Raphioptera MacLeay 1821 (Boreus/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.2.4.2 Aphaniptera Kirby & Spense 1815 (Pulex/fg2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.3 Diptera Linnaeus 1758 (Musca/f1=Oestrus/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.3.1 Nemocera Latreille 1817 (Tipula/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.3.2 Brachocera Macquart 1834 (Musca/f2=Oestrus/g2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.3.2.1 Mesodiptera Crampton 1916 (Bombylius/f1=Tabanus/g1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.3.2.2 Cyclorapha Brauer 1863 (Musca/f3=Oestrus/g3)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4 Amphiesmenoptera Kiriakoff 1948 (Papilio/fg2)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4.1 Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Phryganea/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4.2 Lepidoptera Linnaeus 1758 (Papilio/fg3)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4.2.1 Protolepidoptera Packard 1895 (Micropterix/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4.2.2 Glossolepidoptera Kluge 2005 (Papilio/fg4)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4.2.2.1 Palaeolepidoptera Packard 1895 (Eriocrania/fg1)

1.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.2.3.4.2.2.2 Neolepidoptera Packard 1895 (Papilio/fg4)