EPHEMEROPTERA OF THE WORLD

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references: L   

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LIST OF REFERENCES: L


Landa V.

Lestage J.-A.

Lugo-Ortiz C.R.


Labat D. & Delzons O. & Thomas A. & Brosse S. & Marie V. 2004. !!
Evolution sur 40 ans du peuplement en Éphémères d'une petite rivière des Prépyténées, le Volp: résultats préliminaires [Ephemeroptera]. // Ephemera (2002) 4(1): 1534.

Ladle M. & Radke R. 1990. + # _
Burrowing and feeding behaviour of the larva of Ephemera danica Müller (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae). // Entomologist's Gazette 41: 113118.

Lafon J. (1952)1953. (*) ' + _
Note sur Prosopistoma foliaceum Fourcr. (Ephemeroptera). // Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 77(56): 425436.
  Prosopistoma foliaceum  
  Prosopistoma variegatum  
  Prosopistoma woutera  
  Prosopistoma
sp.  

Lafon J. 1953. !!
Recherches sur la faune aquatique littorale du Rhone a Lyon. // Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 22: 3646.

Lager T.M. 1985. * +
Range extensions and ecological data for southern United States Ephemeroptera. // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 87(1): 255256.

Lager T.M. & Johnson M.D. & McCafferty W.P. 1982. * +
The mayflies of northeastern Minnesota (Ephemeroptera). // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 84(4): 729741.

Lager T.M. & Lewis P.A. 1978. +
Notes on mayfly nymphs from northeastern Minnesota which key to Stenonema vicarium (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Great Lakes Entomologist 11(4): 261.

Lähdesmäki P. 1970. ' !!
Sudenkorento- (Odonata) ja päiväkorento- (Ephemerida) havaintoja Isostakyröstä (EP). // Annales Entomologici Fennici 36(3): 167171.

Lamberti G.A. & Ashkenas L.R. & Gregory S.V. & Steinman A.D. 1987. + _
Effects of three herbivores on periphyton communities in laboratory streams. // Journal of the North American Benthological Society 6(2): 92104.

Lameere A. 1917:41-81. (*) + _
Étude sur l'evolution des Ephéméres. // Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 42: 4181.

Lameere A. 1917:141-200. ' +
Revision sommaire des insectes fossiles du Stéphanien de Commentry. // Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 23: 141200. [mayfly section]

Lameere A. 1934. 
Ephéméroptères. // Précis de Zoologie 4: 177212.

Lamp W.O. & Britt N.W. 1981. +
Resource partitioning by two species of stream mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Great Lakes Entomologist 14(3): 151157.
  Stenacron interpunctatum  
  Stenonema pulchellum  


Landa V.


Landolt P. 1991:VI.Conf.Eph.. !! # _
An approach to the application of molecular biological methods to solve taxonomical and phylogenetic problems of the Ephemeroptera. // In: Alba-Tercedor J. & Sanchez-Ortega A. (eds). Overview and strategies of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera (Proc. 6th Int. Congf. Ephemeroptera & 10th Int. Symp. Plecoptera, 2430 July 1989, Granada, Spain). Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville: 314.

Landolt P. & Dethier M. & Malzacher P. & Sartori M. 1991. * ' +
A new Electrogena species from Switzerland (Ephemeroptera, Heptageniidae). // Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sc. Nat. 80(4): 459470.
  Electrogena rivuscellana sp.n.  

Landolt P. & Sartori M. 2001:IX.Conf.Eph.. !!
Ephemeroptera in Switzerland. // In: Dominguez E. (ed.). Trends in research in Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera (Proc. IX Int. Conf. on Ephemeroptera & XIII Int. Symp. on Plecoptera, 1623 Aug. 1998, Tafi de Valle, Tucuman, Argentina). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, New York: 285300.

Landolt P. & Sartori M. & Elpers Ch. & Tomka I. 1995:VII.Conf.Eph.. * +
Biological studies of Palingenia longicauda (Olivier) (Ephemeroptera: Palingeniidae) in one of its last European refuges Feeding habits, ethological observations and egg structure. // In: Corkum L.D. & Ciborowski J.H. (eds.). Current directions in research on Ephemeroptera (Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Ephemeroptera, 36 August 1992, Orono, Maine, USA). Canadian Scholar's Press Inc., Toronto: 273281.

Landolt P. & Sartori M. & Studemann D. 1997:VIII.Conf.Eph.. * +
Palingenia longicauda
(Ephemeroptera, Palingeniidae): From mating to the larvulae stage. // In: Landolt P. & Sartori M. (eds). Ephemeroptera & Plecoptera. Biology-Ecology-Systematics. (Proc. 8th Int. Conf. Ephemeroptera & 12th Int. Symp. Plecoptera, 1420 August 1995, Lausanne, Switzerland). Mauron+Tinguely & Lacht SA, Fribourg / Switzerland: 1520.

Landolt P. & Thüer J. & Studemann D. 2001:IX.Conf.Eph.. !!
Biomass of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera in three Swiss rivers. // In: Dominguez E. (ed.). Trends in research in Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera (Proc. IX Int. Conf. on Ephemeroptera & XIII Int. Symp. on Plecoptera, 1623 Aug. 1998, Tafi de Valle, Tucuman, Argentina). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, New York: 271284.

Langford T.E. 1966. +
Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in Lincolnshire. // Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 101: 189191.

Langford T.E. 1971. +
The distribution, abundance and life-histories of stoneflies (Plecoptera) and mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in a British river, warmed by cooling-water from a power station. // Hydrobiologia 38: 339377.

Langford T.E. 1975. ?
The emergence of insects from a British river, warmed by power station cooling water. Pt.II: The emergence patterns of some species of Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera and Megaloptera in relation to water temperature and river flow, upstream and downstream of cooling-water outfalls. // Hydrobiologia 47: 91133.

Langford T.E. & Aston R.J. 1972. !!
The ecology of some British rivers in relation to warm water discharges from power stations. // Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B, 180: 407419.

Langford T.E. & Bray E.S. 1969. !!
The distribution of Plecoptera and Ephemeroptera in a lowland region of Britain (Lincolnshire). Hydrobiologia 34: 243271.

Larsen R. 1968. +
The life cycle of Ephemeroptera in a lower part of Aurland River in Sogn and Fjordane, Western Norway. // Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 15(1): 4959.
  Ameletus inopinatus  
  Baetis rhodani  
  Ephemerella aurivillii  

Larsen R. 1978. + _
Fodens kvalitativ e betydning for vesten til Baetis rhodani Pikt. (Ephemeroptera). [The quality of food needed for growth of Baetis rhodani Pikt. (Ephemeroptera).] // Norwegian Journal of Entomology 25(1): 106108.

Larson D.J. & Colbo M.H. 1983. !!!
The aquatic insects: biogeographic considerations. // In: South G.R. (ed.) Biogeography and Ecology of the Island of Newfoundland. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague: 593677

 Latreille P.A. 18021805.  _
Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes. // Paris. T.114. [119122 Des binocles]

Latreille P.A. 1810.  _
Considérations générales sur l'ordre naturel des animaux composant les classes des crustacés, des arachnides, et des Insectes. // Paris, F. Schoell: 1444. [mayfly portion]

Latreille P.A. 1833. ' +
Description d'un nouveau génre de crustacés. // Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Historie naturelle, Paris, 3e Sér., 2: 2334. 
  Prosopistoma gen.n.  

Lauzon M. & Harper P.P. 1986. * +
Life history and production of the stream-dwelling mayfly Habrophlebia vibrans Needham (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae). // Canadian Journal of Zoology 64(9): 20382045.

Lauzon M. & Harper P.P. 1988. * +
Seasonal dynamics of a mayfly (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) community in a Laurentian stream. // Holoarctic Ecology 11(3): 220234.

Lavandier P. 1981. +
Cycle biologique, croissance et production de Rhithrogena loyolaea Navas (Ephemeroptera) dans un torrrent pyreneen de haute montagne. // Annales de Limnologie 17(2): 163179.

Lavandier P. 1982. +
Evidence of upstream migration by female adults of Baetis alpinus Pict. (Ephemeroptera) at high altitude in the Pyrenees. // Annales de Limnologie 18(1): 5559.

Lavandier P. 1988. +
Semivoltinisme dans des populations de haute montagne de Baetis alpinus Pictet (Ephemeroptera). // Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 124: 6164.

Lavandier P. 1991:VI.Conf.Eph.. +
Movements of Rhithrogena loyolaea Navás and Baetis alpinus Pictet in a high mountain stream in the Pyrenees. // In: Alba-Tercedor J. & Sanchez-Ortega A. (eds). Overview and strategies of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera (Proc. 6th Int. Congf. Ephemeroptera & 10th Int. Symp. Plecoptera, 2430 July 1989, Granada, Spain). Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville: 367376.

Lavandier P. & Capblancq J. 1975. +
Influence des variations d'oxygene dissous sur les invertébrés benthiques d'un ruisseau des Pyrénées centrales. // Annales de Limnologie 11(1): 101106.

Lavandier P. & Dumas J. 1971:7-23. +
Microrépartition de quelques espèces d'invertébrés benthiques dans des ruisseaux des Pyrénées centrales. // Annales de Limnologie 7(1):723.

Lavandier P. & Dumas J. 1971:157-172. +
Cycles de développement de quelques invertébrés benthiques dans des ruisseaux des Pyrénées centrales. // Annales de Limnologie 7(2): 157172.

Leach W.E. 1815. + _
Entomology. // Brewster's Edinburg Encyclopedia, Ed.1, 9(1): 57172. [mayfly section only]

Leal J.J.F. & Esteves F.A. 1999. (-)
Influence of bauxite tailings on the structure of the benthic macroinvertebrate community in an Amazonian lake (Lago Batata, Pará Brazil). // Rev. Brasil. Biol. 59: 397405.

Leal J.J.F. & Esteves F.A. 2000. +
Life cycle and production of Campsurus notatus (Ephemeroptera, Polymitarcyidae) in an Amazonian lake impacted by bauxite tailings (Pará, Brazil). // Hydrobiologia 437: 9199. 

Leal J.J.F. & Esteves F.A. & Farjalla V.F. & Enrich-Prast A. 2003. +
Effect of Campsurus notatus on NH4+, DOC fluxes, O2 uptake and bacterioplankton production in experimental microcosms with sediment-water interface of an Amazonian lake impacted by bauxite tailings. // Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 88: 167178. 

Leal J.J.F. & Furado A.L.S. & Esteves F.A. & Bozelli R.L. & Figueiredo-Barros M.P. 2007. +
The role of Campsurus notatus (Ephemeroptera: Polymitarcytidae) bioturbation and sediment quality on potential gas fluxes in a tropical lake. // Hydrobiologia 586: 143154.

Learner M.A. & Williams R. & Harcup M. & Hughes B.D. 1971. !!
A survey of the macro-fauna of the River Cynon, a polluted tributary of the River Taff (South Wales). // Freshwater Biology 1: 339367.

Le Conte J.L. 1859. ? _
The complete writings of Thomas Say on the Entomology of North America edited by John L. Leconte. // Baillière, New York. Vol.2 [see Say T.]

Lecureuil J.-Y. & Chovet M. 2001. +
Redécouverte d'Isonychia ignota (Walker, 1853) dans la Loire moyenne, France [Ephemeroptera, Isonychiidae]. // Ephemera (2000) 2(2): 124.

Lecureuil J.-Y. & Chovet M. 2003. +
Additions à la faune des Éphéméroptères de France. (89). Brachycercus europaeus Kluge, 1991 et Cercobrachys minutus (Tshernova, 1952) [Ephemeroptera, Caenidae, Brachycercinae]. // Ephemera (2001) 3(2): 8390.

Lecureuil J.-Y. & Fontaine J. & Chovet M. 1984:IV.Conf.Eph. * +
Nouvelles donnees sur l'ecologie de Rhaptobaetopus tenellus (Albarda), un Baetidae present en grand nombre dans le bassin de la Loire (France). // In: Landa V. & Soldаn T. & Tonner M. (eds). Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Ephemeroptera, Bechyne, 410 September 1983. Czechoslovak Acad. Sci., Cseske Budejovice: 253261.

Le Doare J. & Manach A. & Troël P. & Bouglouan J-Y. & Le Gall P. 2001. !!
Les Éphémères de Bretagne. 1. Nouvel inventaire et premiers résultats faunistiques [Ephemeroptera]. // Ephemera (2000) 2(2): 113123.

Lee O.J. & Kim J.I. & Moon M.J. 2001. + # _
Fine structural analysis of the compound eyes in the mayfly, Epeorus pellucidus (Heptageniidae: Ephemeroptera). // Kor. J. Entom. 31: 249256.

Lee S.J. & Bae Y.J. & Yoon I.B. 1996. * +
Life history aspects of Ephemera separigata Bae (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) from a mountain stream in Central Korea. // Entomological Research Bulletin (Korean Entomological Institute) 22: 7376.

Lee S.J. & Bae Y.J. & Yoon I.B. 1999. +
The preference on the substrate particle size and microdistribution of two potamanthid mayflies, Potamanthus yooni and Rhoenanthus coreanus (Ephemeroptera: Potamanthidae). // Entomological Research Bulletin. (Korean Entomological Institute) 25: 1727.

Lee S.J. & Bae Y.J. & Yoon I.B. & Watanabe N.C. 1999. +
Comparisons of temperature-related life histories in two ephemerid mayflies (Ephemera separigata and E. strigata: Ephemeridae, Ephemeroptera, Insecta) from a mountain stream in Korea. // Korean Journal of Limnology 32: 253260.

Lee S.J. & Hwang J.M. & Bae Y.J. 2008. +
Life history of a lowland burrowing mayfly, Ephemera orientalis (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae), in a Korean stream. // Hydrobiologia 596: 279288.

Lee C.Y. & Hwang J.M. & Yoon T.J. & Kim D.G. & Beak M.J. & Kang H.J. & Lee S.J. & Choe L.J. & Cho S.Y. & Bae Y.J. 2011. +
Long-term monitoring of the life history of a riverine mayfly Ephemera orientalis (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) in the Han River in Seoul, Korea. // Entomological Research 41: 287.

Lee S.J. & Park J.H. & Ro T.H. 2006. !!
Ephemeropteran community structure and spatial stability of local populations of the major species group in the Keumho River. // Entomological Research 36: 98106. 

Lee S.J. & Yoon I.B. & Bae Y.J. 1995. +
[Altitudinal distribution of Ephemera strigata Eaton and E. orientalis McLachlan (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae).] // Korean J. Entomol. 25(3): 201208 (In Korean with English Abstract).

Léger L. 1928. +
Notes de faunistique recueilleis au Laboratoire d'Hydrobiologie et de Pisciculture de l'Université de Grenoble et publiées sous la direction du Professeur L. Léger. III. Signalement des stations nouvelles d'espèces intéressantes ou rares ou encore inconnues en France. // Travaux du Laboratoire d'Hydrobiologie et de Pisciculture de l'Université de Grenoble (1027) 19: 139148.

Lehmann J. 2007. !!+
Mayfly larva Ephemeropsis the saccocoma of the Yixian Formation. // Fossilien 24(5): 268270.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1968. (*) +
Observations on the life histories of four species of Epeorus in western Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Pan-Pacific Entomol. 44: 129137.
  Epeorus (Iron) longimanus  
  Epeorus (Iron) deceptivus  
  Epeorus (Ironodes) nitidus  
  Epeorus (Ironodes) albertae

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1970:183-186. !!
Mayflies in the south Saskatchewan River; pollution indicators. // Blue Jay (Saskatchewan Natural History Society) 28(4): 183186.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1970:124-127. +
The life cycle of Rhithrogena morrisoni (Banks) in Western Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Pan-Pacific Entomol. 46(2): 124127.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1972:1015-1017. +
Baetisca
(Ephemeroptera: Baetiscidae) from the western interior of Canada with notes on the life cycle. // Canadian Journal of Zoology 50(7): 10151017.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1972:1329-1332. !!
Change in thermal regime as a cause of reduction of benthic fauna downstream of a reservoir. // Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 29: 13291332.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1973:I.Conf.Eph.. +
Adaptations to a marine climate illustrated by Ephemeroptera. // In: Peters W.L. & Peters J.G. (eds). Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Ephemeroptera. E.J. Brill, Leiden: 3338, 1 pl. 

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1973:343-346. (*) ' +
A new species of Baetis (Ephemeroptera) from ponds in the Canadian arctic, with biological notes. //
Canadian Entomologist 105(2): 343346.
  Baetis bundyi sp.n.  

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1974. + _
Thermal regime alteration and vital environmental physiological signals in aquatic organisms. // In: Gibbon J.W. & Scharits R.R. (eds.). Thermal ecology, AEC Symposium Series: 216232.
 
Ephoron album  
  Paraleptophlebia debilis  

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1976:70-81. ' +
Mayflies. // Blue Jay (Saskatchewan Natural History Society) 34(2): 7081.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1976:199-207. (*) ' +
Additions to the taxonomy, zoogeography and biology of Analetris eximia (Acanthametrepodinae, Siphlonuridae, Ephemeroptera). // Canadian Entomologist 108(2): 199207.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979:305-308. (-)
24. Ephemeroptera // In: Danks H.V. (ed.) Canada and its insect fauna. // Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 108. 573 p.: 305308, Table 24

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979. (-) _
Environmental disturbance and life histories: principles and examples. // Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 36(3): 329334.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979:675680. * + __
The North American species of Cinygma (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Canadian Entomologist 111(6): 675680.
  Cinygma lyriformis  
  Cinygma dimicki  
  Cinygma integrum  

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979:859-862. * ' +
A new genus and species of Heptageniidae (Ephemeroptera) from western Canada. // Canadian Entomologist 111(7): 859862.
  Macdunnoa nipawinia gen.sp.n.  

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1980. ??
Temporal and spatial changes in the Canadian insect fauna: patterns and explanation. The prairies. // Canadian Entomologist 112: 11451159.

Lehmkuhl D.M. & Anderson N.H. 1970. +
Observation on the biology of Cinygmula reticulata McDunnough in Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Pan-Pacific Entomologist 46(4): 268274.

Lehmkuhl D.M. & Anderson N.H. 1971. * ' +
Contribution to the biology and taxonomy of the Paraleptophlebia of Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae). // Pan-Pacific Entomologist 47(2): 8593.
  Paraleptophlebia gregalis = P. sculleni 
  Paraleptophlebia temporalis   
  Paraleptophlebia bicornuta  
  Paraleptophlebia debilis     

Lehmkuhl D.M. & Anderson N.H. 1972. !!
Microdistribution and density as factors affecting the downstream drift of mayflies. // Ecology 53: 661667.

Lehrke D. & Reusch H. 1987. * +
Bisher machgewiesene Eintagsfliegen des Niedersächsischen Tieflands (Insecta, Ephemeroptera). [Records of mayflies in the lowland of Lower Saxony (Insecta, Ephemeroptera)] // Braunschw. Naturk. Schr. 2(4): 685691.

[Leman B.N. & Esin E.V. & Chalov S.R. & Chebanova V.V.] .., .., .., .. 2005. +
, ( , ) [Longitudinal zonation of salmon stream by the character of the stream bed processes, macrozoobenthos and ichthyofauna (the Nachilova River, West Kamchatka)]. // [Vladimir Ya. Levanidov's Biennial Memorial Meetings] 3: 1835.

Lenat D.R. & Penrose D.L. 1987. !!
New distribution records for North Carolina macroinvertebrates. // Entomological News 98(2): 6773.

Leonard J.W. 1947. +
Differences in the occurrence of nymphs of two species of burrowing mayflies in fish stomachs. // Annals of the Entomological Society of America 40: 688691. 

Leonard J.W. 1949. (*) ' +
The nymph of Ephemerella excrucians Walsh. // The Canadian Entomologist 81(6): 158160. 

Leonard J.W. 1950. ' +
A new Baetis from Michigan. // Annals of the Entomological Society of America 43(1): 155159. 
 
Baetis hiemalis sp.n.  

Leonard J.W. & Leonard F.A. 1962. ?
Mayflies of Michigan Trout Streams. // Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. x + 139 pp.

Leonhard S.L. & Lawrence S.G. & Friesen M.K. & Flannagan J.F. 1980:III.Conf.Eph.. + _
Evaluation of the acute toxicity of the heavy metal cadmium to nymphs of the burrowing mayfly, Hexagenia rigida. // In: Flannagan J.F. & Marshall K.E. (eds). Advances in Ephemeroptera Biology (Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Ephemeroptera, 410 July 1979, Winnipeg, Canada). Plenum Press, New York: 457465.

Leps J. & Soldan T. & Landa V. 1989. ?
Multivariate analysis of compositional changes in communities of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) in the Labe basin Czechoslovakia a comparison of methods. // Coenoses 4: 2937.

Leps J. & Soldán T. & Landa V. 1990:V.Conf.Eph.. !!
Prediction of changes in the Ephemeroptera communities a transition matrix approach. // In: Campbell I.C. (ed.). Mayflies and Stoneflies: Life Histories and Biology. (Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Ephemeroptera & 9th Int. Symp. Plecoptera, 1824 February 1987, Marysville, Australia). Kluwer Acad. Publ., Dordrecht: 281287.

Le Quesne W.L. 1948. ?
Lacewings, mayflies and allied orders in Jersey. // Bulletin Annuel de la Société Jersiaise 14: 427430.


Lestage J.-A.


 Lester G.T. & McCafferty W.P. & Edmondson M.R. 2002. !!
New mayfly (Ephemeroptera) records from Idaho. // Entomological News 113(2): 131136.

Letacq A.-L. 1898. + _
Sur une pluie d'Éphémères vierges (Ephemera virgo L.) qui a eu à Rémalard (Oren) le 7 août 1897. // Bull. Soc. Amis des Sciences Naturelles de Rouen 33(4): 8889.

Leue F.W. 1911. ' + _
Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Ephemeriden. Untersuchungen über die Larve von Heptagenia sulphurea Müller. // Arch. Naturgesch. 77, sup. 1(3): 202231, pl.35.

[Levanidov V.Ya.] .. 1982. * +
Baetis (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae) - . // In: 8792.
  Baetis vernus  
  Baetis thermicus  

[Levanidov V.Ya. & Levanidova I.M.] .., .. 1981. !!
( ) [Drift of insect nymphs in large foothill rivers by example of the River Khor (Ussuri Bassin).] // In: Levanidov V.Y. & Levanidova I.M. & Makarchenko E.A. (eds). [Invertebrate animals in salmon ecosystems of Far Eastern rivers] DVNTs AN SSSR, Vladivostok: 2237.

[Levanidov V.Ya. & Levanidova I.M. & Nikolaeva E.A.] .., .., .. 1978. +
, - . [Benthic communities of the Koryak upland, the Penzhyna River and north-western Kamchatka.] // - . // - , [Trudy Biologo-pochvennogo Instituta, Vladivostok] (N.S.) 49(152): 326.  

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1964. * +
. // [TINRO] 55: 175195.

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1968. * +
(- ) [Benthos of Amur tributaries (an ecological-faunistic review).] // , [Izvestia TINRO, Magadan] 64: 181289, 1 tab.

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1970:88-99. ??
, . // [Izvestia TINRO] 73: 8899.

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1970:338-339. (-)
, . // XIII [Proceedings of the XIIIth International Congress of Entomology] III: 338339.

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1972. * ' +
(- ) [Mayflies of the Kamchatka Peninsula (an ecological-faunistic review).] // [Izvestia TINRO] 82: 93115.

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1978. !!
[Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera of the upper part of the Ussuri-Basin] // In: Efremov D.F. &  Komarova T. A. & Rozenberg V.A. (eds). [Biocenotic Investigations in the Upper Ussuri Station]. [Akad. Sci. USSR, Far-Eastern Sci. Centre, Biol.-Soil Inst., Vladivostok]: 140159, l fig., 3 tables. 

[Levanidova I.M.] .. 1978. * +
(, , Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera). // , , : 148.

[Levanidova I.M. & Levanidov V.Ya.] .., .. 1965. * +
. 1. . [Diurnal migrations of bental insect larvae in the river stream. I. Migrations of Ephemeroptera larvae in the Khor River.] // [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal] 44(3): 373385.
  Ephemerella ignita  
  Chitonophora mucronata  
  Ephemerella taeniata  

[Levanidova I.M. & Rubanenkova L.S.] .. & .. 1965. *
. [On the methods of studying life cycles of amphibiotic insects]. // [Zool. Zhurnal]: 44(1): 3445.

Levanidova I.M. & Teslenko V.A. & Lukyanchenko T.I. 1988. * +
Research on the ecosystems of salmon rivers of the Far East: longitudinal zonation and distributioin of macrozoobentos. // USSR Acad. Sci., Institute of Biology and Ecology, Vladivostok. Preproint: 153.

Levy H.A. 1948. * + # _
The male genitalia of Ephemerida (mayflies). // Journal of the New York Entomological Society 56: 2541.

Lewandowski K. 1989. * +
Jetki (Ephemeroptera) drobnych cieków okolic Olsztyna. // Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 59(2): 387392.

Lewandowski K. & Moroz M.D. 2001. !!
(Insecta: Ephemeroptera) [Mayflies, species (Insecta: Ephemeroptera), new for the fauna of Belarus]. // i i (Vestsi Natsiyanalnai Akademii Navuk Belarusi), . i. . [Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, series of Biological Sciences] No.3: 9091.

Ametropus fragilis

Oligoneuriella pallida

Isonychia ignota

Ephoron virgo

Brachycercus harrisella

Potamanthus luteus

Lewis G. 1882. '*' + _
[peculiar May-fly said to be luminous...]. // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1882:xiii.

Lewis P.A.

Lewis P.A. 1973:I.Conf.Eph.. (*) ' +
Description and ecology of three Stenonema mayfly nymphs. // In: Peters W.L. & Peters J.G. (eds). Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Ephemeroptera. E.J. Brill, Leiden: 6472, 6 pl.
  Stenonema integrum  
  Stenonema scitulum  
  Stenonematerminatum  

Lewis P.A. 1974:347-355. * ' +
Three new Stenonema species from eastern North America (Heptageniidae: Ephemeroptera). // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington (3): 347355.
  Stenonema carlsoni sp.n.  
  Stenonema floridense sp.n.  
  Stenonema quinquespinum sp.n.  

Lewis P.A. 1974:1-81. ' + __
Taxonomy and ecology of Stenonema mayflies (Heptageniidae: Ephemeroptera). // U.S.E.P.A. Environ. Monitoring Ser. Rept. EPA-670/474006: 181.

Stenonema annexum

S. ares

S. bipunctatum

S. candidum

S. carlsoni

S. carolina

S. exiquum

S. femoratum

S. floridense

S. fuscum

S. gidersleevi

S. integrum

S. interpunctatum

S. ithaca

S. lepton

S. luteum

S. mediopunctatum

S. minnetonka

S. modestum

S. nepotellum

S. pallidum

S. placitum

S. pudicum

S. pulchellum

S. quinquespinum

S. rubromaculatum

S. rubrum

S. smithae

S. terminatum

S. tripunctatum

S. vicarium

Lewis P.A. 1978:655 a. * ' + _
On the use of pectinate maxillary spines to separate Stenonema and Stenacron (Ephemeroptera, Heptageniidae). // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 80(4): 655.

Lewis P.A. 1979. * ' +
A new species of the mayfly genus Stenonema Traver from eastern United States (Ephemeroptera; Heptageniidae). // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washinton 81(2): 321325.
  Stenonema sinclairi sp.n.  

Lewis S.E.:

Lewis S.E. 1977. (*) ' +
Two new species of fossil mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Neoephemeridae and Siphlonuridae) from the Ruby River Basin (Oligocene) of southwestern Montana. // Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 79(4): 583587.
  Potamanthellus rubiensis sp.n.  
  Isonychia alderensis sp.n.  

Lewis S.E. 1978:479-480 b. * ' +
An immature fossil Ephemeroptera (Ephemeridae) from the Ruby River Bassin (Oligocene) of Southwestern Montana. // Annals of the Entomological Society of America 71(4): 479480.
  Hexagenia sp.  

Lewis S.E. & Wehr W.C. 1993. ' +
Fossil mayflies from Republic, Washington. // Washington Geology 21(1): 3537.
  Heptageniidae gen.sp.  

Lewis S.P.:

Lewis S.P. 1986. * +
Records of Baetisca obesa (Say) (Ephemeroptera: Baetiscidae) in Southeast Texas and Southwest Louisiana. // The Southwestern Naturalist 31(3): 396398.

Li Dan & Qin Jia-Chang & Zhou Chang-Fa. 2014. +
The phylogeny of Ephemeroptera in Pterygota revealed by the mitochondrial genome of Siphluriscus chinensis (Hexapoda: Insecta). // Gene (Amsterdam) 545(1): 132140. Gene

Li H. 1998. +
[The small fossil species in Haifanggou Formation and the ecological succession of their palaeobiotopes.] // Annual for Students Papers of Fudan University. Shanghai: Educational Administration Department of Fudan University 241250.
 
Mesoneta antiqua  

Li P. & Liu D. & Zhou C.-F. 2006. * ' +
A new species of Thraulus from Nanjing (Eastern China) with single first gill (Insecta: Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae). // Zoological Science 23: 641645. 
  Thraulus femoratus sp.n.  

Li Xiao-Yu & Yan Yun-Jun 2008. -
Population dynamics, life cycles, secondary production and trophic basis analysis of two mayflies in Heizhuchong stream. // Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 32(2): 189194. 

Lichardová E. 1958. !!
Príspevok k poznaniu jednodnoviek (Ephemeroptera) ramien Dunaja a periodických mlák na Žitnom ostrove. // Casopis Solvenskey Akadémi Vied, Biológia 13(2): 129133.

Licht O. & Jungmann D. & Ludwichowski K.-U. & Nagel R. 2004. + _
Long-term effects of fenoxycarb on two mayfly species in artificial indoor streams. // Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 58: 246255. 

Lichtenberg R. 1973. +
Die Entwicklung einiger charakteristischer Benthosorganismen des "Hallateisches" südlich von Wien. // Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 77: 305311.

Lichtenstein 1796. _
Catalogus musei dissimi (Holthuisen). 8(3) // Hamburg (cit. ex Hagen 1861)
 
Ephemera noveboracana sp.n.  

Lidgerding B.C. & Kraft D.J. 1970. ?? _
Mayfly cholinesterase: solubilization and partial purification. // Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science 36(23): 7779.

Liechti P.M. 1978. +
Stenonema
mayfly records from Kansas. // Technical Publications of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 6: 5358.

Liechti P.M. 1979. +
Caenis
mayfly records for Kansas. // Technical Publications of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 8: 1214.

Liechti P.M. 1980. +
Baetis
mayfly records for Kansas. // Technical Publications of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 9: 1519.

Liechti P.M. 1981. +
Kansas mayfly records for the genera Potamanthus, Pentagenia, Ephemera, Ephoron, and Tortopus. // Technical Publications of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 10: 5256.

Liechti P.M. 1982. +
Five additional Ephemeroptera genera from Kansas. // Technical Publications of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 12: 1316.

Liechti P.M. 1983. !!
Siphlonurus
(Ephemeroptera, Siphlornuridae) in Kansas. // Technical Publications of the State Biological Survey of Kansas 13: 3437.

Lieftinck M.A. 1932. ' +
A new species of Prosopistoma from the Malay Archipelago (Ephemeropt.). // Tidjschr. Entomol. Suppl.75: 4455. 
  Prosopistoma wouterae sp.n.  

Lieftinck M.A. 1949. * +
Enkele notities over het Over-ass von Nieuw Guinea (Ephemeroptera, Palingeniidae) // Bijdragen Tot de Dierkunde 28: 308314.

Lieftinck M.A. 1956. 
[untitled note] // Eatonia 3: 5.

Lieux D.B. & Mulrennan J.A. 1955. +
Mayfly control. // Mosquito News 15(3): 156.
 
Hexagenia munda orlando  

Light R.W. & Adler P.H. 1983. !!
Predicting the colonization cycle of aquatic invertebrates. // Freshwater Invertebrate Biology 2(2): 7487.

Lillehammer A. & Brittain J.E. 1978. !!
The invertebrate fauna of the streams in Øvre Heimdalen. // Holarctic Ecology 1: 271276, 4 figs., 6 tables.

Lillehammer A. & Brittain J.E. 1987. !!
Longitudinal zonation of the benthic invertebrate fauna in the River Glomma, eastern Norway. // Fauna norv., Ser. A., 8: 110.

Lillie C.O. 1898. ' +
On New Zealand Ephemeridae: Two species. // Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 31: 164169, pl.1419. 

Lillie C.O. 1900. ' +
Notes on New Zealand Ephemeridae. // Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 33: 149150, pl. 7.

Lillie R.A. 1992. !!
New and additional distribution records for several rare mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in Wisconsin. // Great Lakes Entomologist 25(2): 135136.

Lillie R.A. 1995. !!
A survey of rare and endangered mayflies of selected rivers of Wisconsin. // Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Research Report 170: 123. 

Lillie R.A. & Hilsenhoff W.L. 1992. !!
A survey of the aquatic insects of the Lower Wisconsin River, 19851986, with notes on distribution and habitat. // Wisconsin Department of Natural Resoruces, Technical Bulletin 178: 147.

Lillie R.A. & Schmude K.L. & Hilsendhoff W.L. 1987. +
Rediscovery of Acanthametropus pecatonica in the western Great Lakes region (Ephemeroptera: Siphlonuridae). // Great Lakes Entomologist 20(2): 8586.

Lima Belmont see Belmont

Lima L.R.S. & Boldrini R. & Pinheiro U. 2012. ' +
Imagos of Camelobaetidius cayumba (Traver & Edmunds, 1968) (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). // Zootaxa 3401: 6365.

Lima L.R.C. & Cruz P.V. & Pinheiro U. 2013. ' +
The adult stage of Paracloeodes charrua Emmerich & Nieto, 2009 (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). // Zootaxa 3640 (4): 597600.

Lima L.R.C. & Jacobus L.M. & Pinheiro U. 2014. ' +
First description of imago and redescription of nymph for Cloeodes irvingi Waltz & McCafferty, 1987 (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). // Zootaxa 3838 (5): 575582.

Lima L.R.C. & Mariano R. & Pinheiro U. 2013. ' +  
New species for Thraulodes Ulmer, 1920 (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae: Atalophlebiinae) and the first key to adults from Brazil. // Zootaxa 3709 (3): 230242.
  Thraulodes luizgonzagai sp.n.  
  Thraulodes sternimaculatus sp.n.  
  Thraulodes alapictus sp.n.  
  Thraulodes pinhoi sp.n.  

Lima L.R.C. & Molineri C. & Pinheiro U. 2015. ' +
A new species of Caenis Stephens, 1836 (Ephemeroptera: Caenidae) from Southern Brazil. // Zootaxa 3941 (4): 589592.
  Caenis gaucha sp.n.  

Lima L.R.C. & Molineri C. & Pinheiro U. & Salles F.F. 2016. ' +
Two new species of Caenis Stephens, 1835 (Ephemeroptera: Caenidae) from South America, // Zootaxa 4170(1): 114124.
  Caenis amacayacu sp.n.  
  Caenis elidioi sp.n.  

Lima L.R.S. & Nascimento J.M.C. & Mariano R. & Pinheiro U.S. & Salles F.F. 2012. ' +
New species and new records of Hermanella complex (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae) from Eastern Brazilian Coast. // Ann. Limnol. International Journal of Limnology 48: 201213. AnnLimnol

 

Hermanella maculipennis
Hermanella froehlichi

Hydrosmilodon gilliesae

Hylister plaummani

Leentvaaria palpalis

Needhamella ehrhadti

Hydrosmilodon plagatus sp.n.
Needhamella mazama sp.n.

Lima L.R.C. & Raimundi E.A. & Pinheiro U. & Salles F.F. 2014. ' +
A new species of Miroculis Edmunds, 1963 (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae) from Northeastern Brazil. // Zootaxa 3795 (4): 441448.
  Miroculis stenopterus sp.n.  

Lima L.R.C. & Salles F.F. & Pinheiro U.S. 2011. ??? +
New species of Leptohyphidae (Ephemeroptera) from northeastern Brazil. // Zootaxa 3050: 6368. 
  Traverhyphes (Traverhyphes) frevo sp.n.
  Tricorythopsis spongicola sp.n.

Lima L.R.C. & Salles F.F. & Pinheiro U. 2012. ??
Ephemeroptera (Insecta) from Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil. // Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 56(3): 304314.

Lima F.F., & Salles F.F. & Pinheiro U.S. & Quinto E. 2010. ?? +
Espécies de Baetidae (Ephemeroptera) do Sul da Bahia, com Descrição de uma Nova Espécie de Paracloeodes Day. // Neotropical Entomology 39(5): 725731.
  Paracloeodes quadridentatus sp.n. 

Lin Qi-bin. 1976. +
[The Jurassic fossil insects from western Liaoning.] (in Chinese). // Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 15: 97116, pl.13. 
 
Ephemeropsis trisetalis  
  Mesoneta
sp.  

Lin Qi-bin. 1980. ' +
[Mesozoic fossil insects of Zhejiang and Anhui]. // In: [Fossils of Mesozoic Deposits of Volcanic Origin in Zhejiang and Anhui] Science Press, Peking: 211234, pl.18. (in Chinese)
 
Huizhougenia orbicularis gen.sp.n.  

Lin Qi-bin. 1982. +
Insecta. // In: Xi'an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources: Paleontological Atlas of Northwest China, Shaanxi Gansu Hingxia Volume, Part III, Mesozoic and Cenozoic:7083, pl.3032. (in Chinese)  
 
Ephemeropsis trisetalis  

Lin Qi-bin. 1982. +
Insecta. // In: Nanjing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources: Paleontological Atlas of East China, Part III, Mesozoic and Cenozoic: 148154, pl.6465. (in Chinese)
 
Ephemeropsis trisetalis  

Lin Qi-bin 1986. * ' +
[Early Mesozoic fossil insects from South China] // Palaeontologia Sinica 170 (N.S. B21): iiii, 1121, 20 pl. [mayfly section]  
  Clephemera clava gen.sp.n.  
  Palinephemera densivena gen.sp.n.  

Lin Qi-bin. 1994. +
Cretaceous insects of China. // Cretaceous Research 15: 305316. 
 
Ephemeropsis trisetalis  

Lin Qi-bin & Huang Di-ying 2001. ' +
Description of Caenoephemera shangyuanensis, gen.nov., sp.nov. (Ephemeroptera), from the Yixian Formation. // Canadian Entomologist 133: 747754. 

Lin Qi-Bin & Huang Di-Ying 2008. +
New Middle Jurassic mayflies (Insecta: Ephemeroptera: Siphlonuridae) from Inner Mongolia, China. // Annales Zoologici (Warsaw): 58(3): 521527.
  Cheirolgisca ningchengensis gen.sp.n.  
  Olgisca angusticubitis sp.n.  

Lin Qi-bin & Su C.-R. 1994. * +
The venation of the mature nymph wing pad of Ephemeropsis trisetalis Eichwald (Ephemeroptera: Hexagenitidae). // Entomologia Sinica 1(4): 289296.

Lindegaard C. 1979. +
The invertebrate fauna of Lake Myvatn, Iceland. // Oikos 32(1/2): l5ll6l.
 
Cloeon simile  

Lingdell P.-E. & Engblom E. & Holmberg P. 2008. ' +
Dagsländan Siphlonurus armatus. Bidrag till kunskapen om den rödlistade dagsländan. // Länsstyrelsen i Stockholms Län. 94 pp.

Lingdell P.-E. & Müller K. 1979:13. +
Dagslandor i brackvatten. [Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in brackish water.] (in Swedish, English summary) // Entomologisk Tidskrift 100(1): 13.

Lingdell P.-E. & Müller K. 1979:41-47. !!
Eintagsfliegen (Ephemeroptera) in Kustengebiet des Bottnischen Meerbusens. // Entomologische Zeitschrift 89(4): 4147.

Lingdell P.-E. & Müller K. 1979:137-142. +
Migrations of Leptophlebia vespertina L. and L. marginata L. (Ins.: Ephemeroptera) in the estuary of a coastal stream. // Aquatic Insects 1(3): 137142.

Lingdell P.-E. & Müller K. 1980. +
Unterschiedliche Entwicklungszyklen von Baetis subalpinus in zwei nordschwedischen Fließgewässern (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). // Entomologische Zeitschrift 90(16): 179184.

Lingdell P.-E. & Müller K. 1981. +
The influence of reactor cooling water on the life cycle of Caenis horaria L. (Ins.:Ephemeroptera). // Fauna Norrlandica 8: 110.

Lingdell P.-E. & Müller K. 1982. !!
Mayflies (Ins.: Ephemeroptera) in coastal areas of the Gulf of Bothnia. // In: Müller K. (ed.). Coastal research in the Gulf of Bothnia, Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague: 233242.

Linnaeus C. 1735.
Systema Naturae, sive Regna tria naturae systematice proposita per classes, ordines, genera, & species. // Lugbuni Batavorum [Leiden]: Apud Theodorum Haak, Ex typ. Johannis Wilhelmi de Groot, 13 pp.

Linnaeus C. 1740.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 2. // Stockholm

Linnaeus C. 1740.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 3. // Halae

Linnaeus C. 1744.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 4. // Paris

Linnaeus C. 1746. 
Fauna Svecica, sistens Animalia Svecicae regni: quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes, distributa per classes & ordines, genera & species, cum differentiis specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis habitationum, descriptionibus insectorum [Pirated edition]. Lugduni Batavorum: Apud Conradum Wishoff et Georg. Jac. Wishoff, 1746. 411 p.; 2 pls.

Linnaeus C. 1747.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 5. // Haale

Linnaeus C. 1748.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 6. // Stockholm

Linnaeus C. 1748.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 7. // Lips.

Linnaeus C. 1753.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 8. // Holmiae

Linnaeus C. 1756.
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 9. // Lugbuni Batavorum [Leiden]

Linnaeus C. 1758-1759. * + _
Systema Naturae per regna tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Ed.10. Vol.13. // Holmiae ZooBank --- A photographic facsimile of the first volume of the tenth edition. London, Brit. Mus. (N.H.) 1956: 824 p.  [mayfly section only]

Linnaeus C. 1761. * +
Fauna Svecica sistens Animalia Sveciae regni: mammalia, aves, amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes. Distributa per classes & ordines, genera & species, cum differentiis specierum, synonymis auctorum, nominibus incolarum, locis natalium, descriptionibus insectorum. Editio altera, auctior. Stockholmiae: Sumtu & Literis Direct. Laurentii Salvii: 1578 [mayfly section only]

Linnaeus C. [1770].
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 11

Linnaeus C. 17661768. ?
Systema Naturae ... Ed. 12. Vol.13. // Holmiae 

[Linnaeus C. 17881796. Systema Naturae ... Ed. 13]  see Gmelin 1790

Lobinskie R.J. & Ali A. & Stout I.J. 1996. +
Life history and productivity of Hexagenia limbata (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) and selected physico-chemical parameters in two tributaries of the Wekiva River, Central Florida. // Florida Entomologist 79: 543551. 

Lock K. & Goethals P.L.M. 2011. !!
Checklist of the Belgian mayflies (Ephemeroptera). // Bulletin de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 147(912): 188198.

Lock K. & Goethals P.L.M. 2011. !!
Distribution and ecology of the mayflies (Ephemeroptera) of Flanders (Belgium). //  Annales de Limnologie 47: 159165 AnnLimnol

Lohse S. & Haase P. 2003. *Laut. +
Die Eintagsfliegenfauna (Ephemeroptera) der Buntsandstein- und Bantsaltbäche in den deutschen Mittelgebirgen Erste Ergebnisse. // Lauterbornia 47: 1320.

Lomond T.M. & Colbo M.H. 2000. !!
Variations in lake-outlet Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera communities amongst regions of eastern Newfoundland, Canada. // Canadian Journal of Zoology 78: 15361543.

Long L.S. & Kondratieff B.C. 1996. !!
The mayflies (Ephemeroptera) of Tennessee, with a review of the possibly threatened species occurring within the state. // Great Lakes Entomologist 29: 171182.

Lopes M.J.N. & Da-Silva E.R. & Py-Daniel V. 2003. ' +
A new species of Ulmeritoides from Brazil (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae). // Revista de Biologia Tropical 51: 195200. 
  Ulmeritoides oepa sp.n.  

Lopes M.J.N. & Froehlich C.G. & Domínguez E. 2003. * ' +
Description of the larva of Thraulodes schlingeri (Ephemeroptera, Leptophlebiidae). // Iheringia, Sér. Zool., Porto Alegre 93: 197200. 

Lopes M.J.N. & Riveiro J.M.F. & Peiro D.F. 2007. * ' +
Leptophlebiidae (Ephemeroptera) da Amazônia Brasileira. // Acta Amazonica 37(1): 139146.

Lopez see Naranjo

López del Castillo P. & Naranjo López C. & Fernández Triana J.L. & González Lazo D. & Trapero Quintana A. & Pérez Ozoria J. 2004. * +
Insectos acuáticos del Parque Nacional "La Bayamesa", Cuba. // Boln SEA 35: 225231. 

López-Rodríguez M.J. 2008. !!
Life history, nymphal feeding and secondary production of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera from southern Iberian Penisula. [Historia de vida, alimentación ninfal y productividad secundaria de Ephemeroptera y Plecoptera del sur de la Península Ibérica.] // Tesis, Universidad de Grenada. 248 pp.

López-Rodríguez M.J. & Tierno de Figueroa J.M. & Alba-Tercedor J. 2008. !!
Life history and larval feeding of some species of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera (Insecta) in the Sierra Nevada (Southern Iberian Peninsula). // Hydrobiologia 610(1): 277295.

López-Rodríguez M.J. & Tierno de Figueroa J.M. & Alba-Tercedor J. 2009. +
The life history of Serratella ignita (Poda, 1761) (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) in a temporary and permanent Mediterranean stream. // Aquatic Sciences 71(2): 179188.

López-Rodríguez M.J. & Tierno de Figueroa J. M. & Alba-Tercedor J. 2009 +
Life history of two burrowing aquatic insects in southern Europe: Leuctra geniculata (Insecta: Plecoptera) and Ephemera danica (Insecta: Ephemeroptera). // Aquatic Insects 31(2): 99 110.

López-Rodríguez M.J. & Tierno de Figueroa J.M. & Alba-Tercedor J. 2010. +
Comparative study of the nymphal biology of two coexisting species of mayflies (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) in a Mediterranean stream in southern Europe. // International Review of Hydrobiology 95 (1): 5871.

López-Rodríguez M. J. & Tierno de Figueroa J. M. & Alba-Tercedor J. 2011. ' +
The unusual life history of a southern Iberian Peninsula population of Torleya major (Ephemeroptera: Ephemerellidae). // Insect Science 18: 583589. abstract

Lord R.J. & Meier P.G. 1977. * +
Intraspecific veriation in taxonomic characteristics of the mayfly Potamanthus myops (Walsh). // Great Lakes Entomologist 10(2): 5158.

Loskutova O. 2004. +
Aquatic insects of the rivers of the Western Polar Urals (Russia). // Latvijas Entomologs 41: 8086.

Lounaci A. & Brosse S. & Mouloud A.S. & Lounaci-Daoudi D. & Mebarki N. & Thomas A. 2000. !!
Current knowledge of benthic invertebrate diversity in an Algerian stream: a species check-list of the Sébaou River basin (Tizi-Ouzou). // Bulletin de la Société de Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 136: 4355.

Lounaci A. & Brosse S. & Thomas A. & Lek S. 2000. !!
Abundance, diversity and community structure of macroinvertebrates in an Algerian streqam: the Sébaou wadi. // Annales de Limnologie 36(2): 123133.

Love J.W. & Taylor C.M. & Warren M.L., Jr. 2005. +
Predator density and dissolved oxygen affect body condition of Stenonema tripunctatum (Ephemeroptera, Heptageniidae) from intermittent streams. Hydrobiologia 543: 113118.  

Lowe H.J.B. 1967. ??
Observation of Ephemeroptera in the East Midlands. // Entomological Monthly Magazine 103(12321234): 4044.

Lowell R.B. & Culp J.M. & Wrona F.J. 1995. _
Stimulation of increased short-term growth and development of mayflies by pulp mill effluent. // Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14(9):15291541.
 
Baetis tricaudatus  

Lowen R.G. & Flannagan J.F. 1990:V.Conf.Eph.. * ' +
The nymph and male of Centroptilum infrequens McD (Baetidae).  //
In: Campbell I.C. (ed.). Mayflies and Stoneflies: Life Histories and Biology. (Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Ephemeroptera & 9th Int. Symp. Plecoptera, 1824 February 1987, Marysville, Australia). Kluwer Acad. Publ., Dordrecht: 311321.

Lowen R.G. & Flannagan J.F. 1990:173-174. ' +
Centoptilum infrequens
McDunnough (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae), a junior synonym of Pseudocentroptilum pennulatum (Eaton). // Canadian Entomologist 122: 173174.

Lowen R.G. & Flannagan J.F. 1991:VI.Conf.Eph. * ' +
Four Manitoba species of Centroptilum Eaton (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) with remarks on the genus. // In: Alba-Tercedor J. & Sanchez-Ortega A. (eds). Overview and strategies of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera (Proc. 6th Int. Congf. Ephemeroptera & 10th Int. Symp. Plecoptera, 2430 July 1989, Granada, Spain). Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville: 189205.
  Centroptilum bifurcatum  
  Centroptilum victoriae  
  Centroptilum album  
  Centroptilum conturbatum  

Lowen R.G. & Flannagan J.F. 1992. * ' +
Nymphs and imagoes of four North American species of Procloeon Bengtsson with description of a new species (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae). // Canadian Entomologist 124(1): 97108. 
  Procloeon rufostrigatum  
  Procloeon rubropicum  
  Procloeon irrubrum
sp.n.  
  Procloeon quaesitum  
  Procloeon pennulatum
  

Lu Sun see Sun

Lubbock J. ?? _
On the development of Chloëon (Ephemera) dimidiatum. Part I. // Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 24(2): ??

Lubbock J. 1865. ' + _
On the development of Chloëon (Ephemera) dimidiatum. Part II. // Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 25: 477492, pl. 1819.

Lubini V. & Knispel S. & Landolt P. & Sartori M. 1996. * +
Geographical distribution of mayflies and stoneflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera) in Switzerland preliminary results. // Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Ges. 69(1): 127133.
  Habroleptoides auberti  
  Cloeon dipterum  
  Rhithrogena germanica  

Lubini V. & Sartori M. 1994. +
Current status, distribution, life cycle and ecology of Rhithrogena germanica Eaton in Switzerland: preliminary results (Ephemeroptera, Heptageniidae). // Aquatic Sciences 56(4): 388397.

Lucas H. 1871.
[Note]. // Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 1871: xliii.

Lucas W.J. 1906. +
Ephemera lineata
. // The Entomologist 39: 189. 

Lucas W.J. 1906. +
Potamanthus luteus
. // The Entomologist 39: 288. 

Lucas W.J. 1910. +
Ephemera danica
(Ephemeroptera). // The Entomologist 43: 202.

Lucas W.J. 1911. +
Continental Neuroptera, &c., taken by Dr.T.A. Chapman in 1909 and 1910. // The Entomologist 44: 9697.
  Ecdyonurus helveticus  

Lucas W.J. 1911. !!
Insects taken by Dr.T.A. Chapman in Switzerland, 1911. // The Entomologist 44: 356.

Lucas W.J. 1913. !!
Neuroptera, &c., from the south of France. // The Entomologist 46: 3132.

Lucas W.J. 1915. (-)
Odonata, &c., taken by Dr.T. A. Chapman in July and in May, 1914. // The Entomologist 48:4952, pl. 3.

Lucas W.J. 1921. !!
Ephemeroptera. // The Entomologist 54: 246.

Lucentini L. & Rebora M. & Puletti M.E. & Gigliarelli L. & Fontaneto D. & Gaino E. & Panara F. 2011. +  
Geographical and seasonal evidence of cryptic diversity in the Baetis rhodani complex (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae) revealed by means of DNA taxonomy. // Hydrobiologia 673: 215228.
  Baetis rhodani  
  cryptic species  

Luedtke R.J. & Brusven M.A. 1976. +
Effects of sand sedimentation on colonization of stream insects. // Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 33(9): 18811886.


Lugo-Ortiz C.R.


Lyman F.E. 1943. (-)
Swimming and burrowing activities of mayfly nymphs of the genus Hexagenia. // Annals of the Entomological Society of America 36: 250256. 

Lyman F.E. 1943. !! # _
Eye-color changes in mayflies of the genus Stenonema (Ephemeridae). // Entomological News 54(10): 261264.

Lyman F.E. 1944. ' +
Taxonomic notes on Brachycercus lacustris (Needham) (Ephemeroptera). // Entomological News 55(1): 34.

Lyman F.E. 1944:113-115. +
Effect of temperature on the emergence of mayfly imagoes from the subimago stage. // Entomological News 55(5): 113115.

Lyman F.E. 1944:207-219. +
Notes on emergence, swarming, and mating of Hexagenia (Ephemeroptera). // Entomological News 55(8): 207219.

Lyman F.E. 1945. !!
Reactions of certain nymphs of Stenonema (Ephemeroptera) to light as related to habitat preference. // Annals of the Entomological Society of America 38: 234236. 

Lyman F.E. 1955. !!
Seasonal distribution and life cycles of Ephemeroptera. // Annals of the Entomological Society of America 48(5): 380391.

Lyman F.E. 1955. * + # _
Occurrence and description of an embryonic egg burster in the genus Hexagenia (Ephemeroptera). // Entomological News 66(10): 253255.

Lyman F.E. 1956. !!
Environmental factors affecting distribution of mayfly nymphs in Douglas Lake, Michigan. // Ecology 37: 568576.